Gordon Moore
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Gordon Moore

Gordon Moore
Gordon Moore.jpg
Moore in 2004
BornGordon Earle Moore
(1929-01-03) January 3, 1929 (age 89)
San Francisco, California, U.S.
EducationSan Jose State University
University of California, Berkeley (BS)
California Institute of Technology (MS, PhD)
Known forIntel
Moore's law
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation
AwardsNational Medal of Technology (1990)
John Fritz Medal (1993)
IEEE Founders Medal (1997)
Computer History Museum Fellow (1998)[1]
Othmer Gold Medal (2001)
Perkin Medal (2004)[2]
Nierenberg Prize (2006)
IEEE Medal of Honor (2008)
Presidential Medal of Freedom
Scientific career
FieldsEntrepreneur
Electrical engineering
InstitutionsIntel
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation
San Jose State University
University of California, Berkeley
California Institute of Technology
Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory
ThesisI. Infrared Studies of Nitrous Acid, The Chloramines and Nitrogen Dioxide
II. Observations Concerning the Photochemical Decomposition of Nitric Oxide
 (1954)
WebsiteOfficial website

Gordon Earle Moore (born January 3, 1929) is an American businessman, engineer, and the co-founder and chairman emeritus of Intel Corporation. He is also the author of Moore's law.[3][4][5][6][7] As of 2018, his net worth is reported to be $9.5 billion.[8]

Education

Moore was born in San Francisco, California, and grew up in nearby Pescadero; his father was the county sheriff. He attended Sequoia High School in Redwood City. Initially he went to San Jose State University.[9] After two years he transferred to the University of California, Berkeley, from which he received a B.S. degree in chemistry in 1950.[10]

In September 1950, Moore enrolled at the California Institute of Technology.[11] Moore received a Ph.D. degree[12] in chemistry and minor in physics from Caltech in 1954.[10][13] Moore conducted postdoctoral research at the Applied Physics Laboratory at Johns Hopkins University from 1953 to 1956.[10]

Family

Moore met his wife, Betty Irene Whitaker, while attending San Jose State University.[11] Gordon and Betty were married September 9, 1950,[14] and left the next day to move to the California Institute of Technology. The couple have two sons, Kenneth and Steven.[15]

Scientific career

Fairchild Semiconductor Laboratory

Moore joined MIT and Caltech alumnus William Shockley at the Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory division of Beckman Instruments, but left with the "traitorous eight", when Sherman Fairchild agreed to back them and created the influential Fairchild Semiconductor corporation.[16][17]

Moore's law

In 1965, Moore was working as the director of research and development (R&D) at Fairchild Semiconductor. He was asked by Electronics Magazine to predict what was going to happen in the semiconductor components industry over the next ten years. In an article published on April 19, 1965, Moore observed that the number of components (transistors, resistors, diodes or capacitors)[18] in a dense integrated circuit had doubled approximately every year, and speculated that it would continue to do so for at least the next ten years. In 1975, he revised the forecast rate to approximately every two years.[19]Carver Mead popularized the phrase "Moore's law." The prediction has become a target for miniaturization in the semiconductor industry, and has had widespread impact in many areas of technological change.[3][17]

Intel Corporation

In July 1968, Robert Noyce and Moore founded NM Electronics which later became Intel Corporation.[20][21] Moore served as executive vice president until 1975 when he became president. In April 1979, Moore became chairman and chief executive officer, holding that position until April 1987, when he became chairman. He was named chairman emeritus in 1997.[22] Under Noyce, Moore, and later Andrew Grove, Intel has pioneered new technologies in the areas of computer memory, integrated circuits and microprocessor design.[21]

Philanthropy

In 2000 Betty and Gordon Moore established the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, with a gift worth about $5 billion. Through the Foundation, they initially targeted environmental conservation, science, and the San Francisco Bay Area.[23]

The foundation gives extensively in the area of environmental conservation, supporting major projects in the Andes-Amazon Basin and the San Francisco Bay area, among others.[24] Moore was a director of Conservation International for some years. In 2002, he and Conservation International senior vice president Claude Gascon received the Order of the Golden Ark from Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld for their outstanding contributions to nature conservation.[25]

Moore has been a member of Caltech's board of trustees since 1983, chairing it from 1993 to 2000, and is now a life trustee.[26][27][28] In 2001, Moore and his wife donated $600 million to Caltech, at the time the largest gift ever to an institution of higher education.[29] He said that he wants the gift to be used to keep Caltech at the forefront of research and technology.[23]

In December 2007, Moore and his wife donated $200 million to Caltech and the University of California for the construction of the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT), expected to become the world's second largest optical telescope once it and the European Extremely Large Telescope are completed in the mid-2020s. The TMT will have a segmented mirror 30 meters across and be built on Mauna Kea in Hawaii. This mirror will be nearly three times the size of the current record holder, the Large Binocular Telescope.[30] The Moores, as individuals and through their foundation, have also, through a series of gifts and grants, given over $110 million to the University of California, Berkeley.[31]

In addition, through the Foundation, Betty Moore has created the Betty Irene Moore Nursing Initiative, targeting nursing care in the San Francisco Bay Area and Greater Sacramento.[23][32] In 2007, the foundation pledged $100 million over 11 years to establish a nursing school at the University of California, Davis.[31]

In 2009, the Moores received the Andrew Carnegie Medal of Philanthropy.[23][33]

Scientific awards and honors

Moore has received many honors. He became a member of the National Academy of Engineering in 1976.[34]

In 1990, Moore was presented with the National Medal of Technology and Innovation by President George H.W. Bush, "for his seminal leadership in bringing American industry the two major postwar innovations in microelectronics - large-scale integrated memory and the microprocessor - that have fueled the information revolution."[35]

In 1998 he was inducted as a Fellow of the Computer History Museum "for his fundamental early work in the design and production of semiconductor devices as co-founder of Fairchild and Intel."[36]

In 2001, Moore received the Othmer Gold Medal for outstanding contributions to progress in chemistry and science.[37][38]

Moore is also the recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the United States' highest civilian honor, as of 2002.[39] He received the award from President George W. Bush. In 2002, Moore also received the Bower Award for Business Leadership.

In 2003, he was elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Moore was awarded the 2008 IEEE Medal of Honor for "pioneering technical roles in integrated-circuit processing, and leadership in the development of MOS memory, the microprocessor computer and the semiconductor industry."[40] Moore was featured in the documentary film Something Ventured which premiered in 2011.

In 2009, Moore was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

He was awarded the 2010 Future Dan David Prize for his work in the areas of Computers and Telecommunications.[41]

The library at the Centre for Mathematical Sciences at the University of Cambridge is named after him and his wife Betty,[42] as are the Moore Laboratories building (dedicated 1996) at Caltech and the Gordon and Betty Moore Materials Research Building at Stanford.

The Electrochemical Society presents an award in Moore's name, the Gordon E. Moore Medal for Outstanding Achievement in Solid State Science and Technology, every two years to celebrate scientists' contributions to the field of solid state science.[43] The Society of Chemical Industry (American Section) annually presents the Gordon E. Moore Medal in his honor to recognize early career success in innovation in the chemical industries.[44][45]

Personal life

Moore actively pursues and enjoys any type of fishing and has extensively traveled the world catching species from black marlin to rainbow trout. He has said his conservation efforts are partly inspired by his interest in fishing.[46]

In 2011, Moore's genome was the first human genome sequenced on Ion Torrent's Personal Genome Machine platform, a massively parallel sequencing device, which uses field effect transistor sensors.[47]

References

  1. ^ "Gordon Moore 1998 Fellow". Computer History Museum. Archived from the original on January 8, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  2. ^ "SCI Perkin Medal". Science History Institute. 2016-05-31. Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ a b Moore, Gordon (April 19, 1965). "Cramming More Components onto Integrated Circuits". Electronics Magazine. 38 (8): 114-117.
  4. ^ Moore, Gordon (January 1998). "Cramming More Components onto Integrated Circuits (Reprint)" (PDF). Proceedings of the IEEE. 86 (1): 82-85. doi:10.1109/jproc.1998.658762. Retrieved 2015.
  5. ^ Gordon E. Moore at DBLP Bibliography Server Edit this at Wikidata
  6. ^ Gordon Moore author profile page at the ACM Digital Library
  7. ^ Moore, G. E. (1997). "The microprocessor: Engine of the technology revolution". Communications of the ACM. 40 (2): 112-114. doi:10.1145/253671.253746.
  8. ^ "Gordon Moore". Forbes. Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ "Gordon E. Moore". IEEE Global History Network. Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ a b c Brock, David C.; Lécuyer, Christophe (20 January 2006). Gordon E. Moore and Jay T. Last, Transcript of an Interview Conducted by David C. Brock and Christophe Lécuyer at Woodside, California on 20 January 2006 (PDF). Philadelphia, PA: Chemical Heritage Foundation.
  11. ^ a b Dodson, Vannessa. "Gordon and Betty Moore: Seeding the Path Ahead". Campaign Update (Fall 2003). Archived from the original on August 16, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  12. ^ Moore, Gordon Earle (1964). I. Infrared Studies of Nitrous Acid, The Chloramines and Nitrogen Dioxide II. Observations Concerning the Photochemical Decomposition of Nitric Oxide (PhD thesis). California Institute of Technology.
  13. ^ "California Institute of Technology Sixtieth Annual Commencement Exercises (Program)" (PDF). Caltech Camps Publications. June 11, 1954. Retrieved 2013.
  14. ^ "Gordon Moore". NNDB Tracking the Entire World. Retrieved 2015.
  15. ^ Biography for Gordon Moore on IMDb
  16. ^ Moore, Gordon E. (Summer 1994). "The Accidental Entrepreneur" (PDF). Engineering & Science. pp. 23-30. Retrieved 2015.
  17. ^ a b Brock, David C., ed. (2006). Understanding Moore's law : four decades of innovation. Philadelphia, Pa: Chemical Heritage Press. ISBN 978-0941901413.
  18. ^ Gordon E. Moore (1995). "Lithography and the future of Moore's law" (PDF). SPIE. Retrieved 2015.
  19. ^ Tuomi, I. (2002). "The Lives and Death of Moore's Law". First Monday. 7 (11). doi:10.5210/fm.v7i11.1000.
  20. ^ Intel Corporation. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2008.
  21. ^ a b Yeh, Raymond T.; Yeh, Stephanie H. (2004). "Intel: Leaping into the future with Moore's law". The art of business : in the footsteps of giants. Olathe, CO: Zero Time Pub. pp. 77-89. ISBN 978-0975427712. Retrieved 2015.
  22. ^ "2004 History Maker - Gordon Moore". History Makers. San Mateo County History Museum. Archived from the original on January 14, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  23. ^ a b c d "2009 Carnegie Medal of Philanthropy Awarded to Michael R. Bloomberg, The Koç Family, Gordon & Betty Moore and Sanford & Joan Weill". Carnegie Corporation of New York. October 7, 2009. Archived from the original on February 12, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  24. ^ "Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation: Grants for Conservation". Inside Philanthropy. Retrieved 2015.
  25. ^ "Intel's Gordon Moore and CI's Claude Gascon To Receive Major Award". Conservation International. April 19, 2002. Retrieved 2015.
  26. ^ "Sally Ride, David Lee Named Caltech Trustees, Ben Rosen Named Trustee Chair". Caltech. December 4, 2000. Retrieved 2013.
  27. ^ "Technology Pioneer Gordon Moore is Caltech Commencement Speaker". Caltech. May 3, 2001. Retrieved 2013.
  28. ^ "Trustee List". Caltech. Retrieved 2013.
  29. ^ "Intel Founder Gives $600 Million to Caltech". New York Times. October 28, 2001. Retrieved 2013.
  30. ^ Tytell, David (August 22, 2007). "Thirty Meter Telescope Moves Forward". Sky & Telescope. Retrieved 2015.
  31. ^ a b "Grants Search".
  32. ^ "Betty Irene Moore Nursing Initiative". Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. Archived from the original on December 24, 2014. Retrieved 2015.
  33. ^ "Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation Funds Programs to Address Nursing Crisis". UCSF Campaign Insider. University of California San Francisco. 2007. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved 2015.
  34. ^ "National Academy of Engineering Members". Caltech. Retrieved 2015.
  35. ^ "The National Medal of Technology and Innovation 1990 Laureates". USPTO.gov. The United States Patent and Trademark Office. Retrieved 2015.
  36. ^ CHM. "Gordon Moore -- CHM Fellow Award Winner". Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved 2015."Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 8, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  37. ^ Voith, Melody; Reisch, Marc (May 14, 2001). "Gordon Moore Awarded the Othmer Gold Medal". Chemical & Engineering News. 79 (20): 62. doi:10.1021/cen-v079n020.p062.
  38. ^ "Othmer Gold Medal". Science History Institute. 2016-05-31. Retrieved 2018.
  39. ^ "SIA Congratulates Intel's Gordon Moore for Receiving Presidential Medal of Freedom". SIA News. Semiconductor Industry Association. June 24, 2002. Retrieved 2015.
  40. ^ "IEEE - IEEE Medals, Technical Field Awards, and Recognitions - IEEE Medal of Honor Recipients". ieee.org. Retrieved 2017.
  41. ^ "Gordon E. Moore". Dan David Prize. Retrieved 2014.
  42. ^ "The Betty & Gordon Moore Library". lib.cam.ac.uk. Retrieved 2017.
  43. ^ "ECS Society Awards". The Electrochemical Society.
  44. ^ "Gordon E. Moore Medal". Society of Chemical Industry (SCI America). Retrieved 2015.
  45. ^ "SCI Gordon E. Moore Medal". Science History Institute. 2016-05-31.
  46. ^ "Charlie Rose, November 14, 2005". charlierose.com. Archived from the original on August 2, 2010. Retrieved 2017.
  47. ^ Rothberg, J. M.; Hinz, W.; Rearick, T. M.; Schultz, J.; Mileski, W.; Davey, M.; Leamon, J. H.; Johnson, K.; Milgrew, M. J.; Edwards, M.; Hoon, J.; Simons, J. F.; Marran, D.; Myers, J. W.; Davidson, J. F.; Branting, A.; Nobile, J. R.; Puc, B. P.; Light, D.; Clark, T. A.; Huber, M.; Branciforte, J. T.; Stoner, I. B.; Cawley, S. E.; Lyons, M.; Fu, Y.; Homer, N.; Sedova, M.; Miao, X.; Reed, B. (2011). "An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing". Nature. 475 (7356): 348-352. doi:10.1038/nature10242. PMID 21776081.

External links

Business positions
Preceded by
Robert Noyce
Intel CEO
1975-1987
Succeeded by
Andrew Grove

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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