films have portrayed mental disorders or used them as backdrops for other themes. This is a list of some of those films, sorted by disorder, regardless of whether or not the disorder is portrayed accurately. For instance, though presents a case of 50 First Dates anterograde amnesia, the type depicted does not actually exist.
dissociative identity disorder, formerly called "multiple identity disorder", is one of the most controversial psychiatric disorders, with no clear consensus on diagnostic criteria or treatment. Most films purporting to represent dissociative identity disorder would not leave that impression.
Owing to the nature of drama, extreme and florid manifestations of any given disorder tend to prevail over the more subtle ones typical of the average case. For example, people with
agoraphobia are generally portrayed in drama as recluses who never, or almost never, venture from their homes; in reality, this is rare and extreme, not typical of the agoraphobic population.
A person with
anterograde amnesia is unable to form new memories.
A much-used plot device,
retrograde amnesia occurs when a person forgets part or all of his or her past.
Psychogenic amnesia, also known as dissociative amnesia, is memory loss caused by psychological stress."
Lacunar amnesia is the loss of memory about one specific event.
Previously called "multiple personality disorder".
"Recent psychiatric classifications refer to the syndrome as
shared psychotic disorder (DSM-IV) (297.3) and induced delusional disorder ( F24) in the ICD-10."
- 1980 Character of Raging Bull Jake Lamotta played by Robert De Niro
- 1990 Character of Tommy DeVitto played by Goodfellas Joe Pesci
- 2002 Character of Marisa Ventura played by Jennifer Lopez
Maid In Manhattan
"Drugs listed from most addictive, harmful or destructive to least (from most to least dangerous, based on a 2007 scientific research study."
- 1931 alcohol The Struggle
- 1933 morphine Heroes for Sale
- 1933 morphine Mystery of the Wax Museum
- 1945 alcohol The Lost Weekend
- 1947 alcohol Smash-Up, the Story of a Woman
- 1951 alcohol Night Into Morning
- 1952 alcohol Come Back, Little Sheba
- 1954 barbiturates, alcohol Rear Window
- 1955 heroin The Man with the Golden Arm
- 1956 cortisol Bigger Than Life
- 1957 morphine Monkey on My Back
- 1960 barbiturates (Seconal) The Apartment
- 1962 alcohol Days of Wine and Roses
- 1962 morphine, alcohol Long Day's Journey Into Night
- 1967 amphetamines (Dexedrine), pethidine/meperidine (Demerol), barbiturates (pentobarbital, secobarbital, amobarbital) Valley of the Dolls
- 1969 heroin, amphetamines, barbiturates, alcohol, LSD, cannabis More
- 1970 alcohol A Day at the Beach
- 1970 heroin Trash
- 1971 heroin Jennifer on My Mind
- 1971 heroin The Panic in Needle Park
- 1975 heroin Pure Shit
- 1976 opioids, amphetamines, alcohol Taxi Driver
- 1980 cocaine, amphetamines, inhalants, alcohol Airplane!
- 1980 alcohol The Shining
- 1981 heroin, PCP, methaqualone (Mandrax/Quaaludes), alcohol, temazepam, diazepam, MDMA, cannabis Christiane F.
- 1982 Diazepam (Valium) I'm Dancing as Fast as I Can
- 1982 marijuana, alcohol, tobacco, steroids Pink Floyd - The Wall
- 1982 opiates Veronika Voss
- 1983 cocaine, methaqualone (Quaaludes), alcohol, cannabis The Big Chill
- 1983 heroin, cocaine, methaqualone (Quaaludes), alcohol Scarface
- 1986 alcohol 8 Million Ways to Die
- 1986 heroin, cocaine, methadone Sid and Nancy
- 1987 alcohol Morning Patrol
- 1988 hydromorphone, amphetamines, secobarbital, amobarbital, alcohol Dead Ringers
- 1989 morphine, oxymorphone, hydromorphone, amphetamines, cocaine, alcohol, temazepam, triazolam, flurazepam, diazepam lorazepam, LSD Drugstore Cowboy
- 1990 heroin, cocaine, amphetamines Goodfellas "
Postcards from the Edge" - 1990 heroin, cocaine
- 1991 cocaine Jungle Fever
- 1991 cocaine New Jack City
- 1991 heroin, amphetamines, cocaine, cannabis Rush
- 1994 morphine Ed Wood
- 1994 heroin, cocaine, alcohol Fresh
- 1994 morphine, cocaine, alcohol, cannabis The Crow
- 1994 heroin, cocaine Pulp Fiction
- 1994 alcohol When a Man Loves a Woman
- 1995 alcohol Leaving Las Vegas
- 1995 heroin, amphetamines, cocaine, barbiturates, alcohol, inhalants, cannabis The Basketball Diaries
- 1995 morphine, cocaine, alcohol Casino
- 1996 heroin/morphine, dextromoramide, amphetamines, cocaine, pethidine/meperidine (Demerol), opium, methadone, pentobarbital, amobarbital (sodium amytal), alcohol, buprenorphine, temazepam, diazepam, nitrazepam, phenobarbital, cannabis, cyclizine, codeine, dextropropoxyphene, nalbuphine, pentazocine, buprenorphine, chlormethiazole Trainspotting
- 1997 morphine, fentanyl, amphetamines Playing God
- 1998 amphetamines, cocaine, barbiturates, alcohol, inhalants, mescaline, LSD, cannabis Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas
- 1998 heroin, cocaine, alcohol Gia
- 1998 heroin, cocaine, methadone Permanent Midnight
- 1999 heroin, alcohol Bringing Out the Dead
- 1999 methamphetamine, heroin Broken Vessels
- 1999 cocaine, alcohol Cruel Intentions
- 1999 heroin, amphetamines, cocaine, opium, alcohol, diazepam, LSD, psilocybin mushrooms Jesus' Son
- 1999 morphine, cocaine, MDMA Magnolia
- 2000 Oxycodone, hydrocodone, codeine, benzodiazepines 28 Days
- 2000 hydrocodone (Vicodin), methaqualone (Quaaludes), alcohol, LSD, cannabis Almost Famous
- 2000 cocaine, alcohol, temazepam, triazolam, alprazolam, MDMA, cannabis American Psycho
- 2000 heroin In Vanda's Room
- 2000 heroin, amphetamines, cocaine, barbiturates, alcohol, benzodiazepines, MDMA, LSD, cannabis Requiem for a Dream
- 2000 heroin, cocaine, cannabis Traffic
- 2001 cocaine, alcohol, LSD, cannabis Blow
- 2001 methamphetamine, LSD, cannabis Bully
- 2001 morphine, temazepam, midazolam, chloroform Hannibal
- 2002 heroin, cocaine, methadone, MDMA 24 Hour Party People
- 2002 huffing gasoline Love Liza
- 2002 heroin, cocaine, alcohol, cannabis Pure
- 2002 methamphetamine, amphetamine Spun
- 2002 alcohol The Loser Takes It All
- 2002 methamphetamine, alcohol The Salton Sea
- cocaine, inhalants, alcohol, cannabis Thirteen
- 2003 heroin, cocaine, ketamine, MDMA, LSD Party Monster
- 2003 methamphetamine, heroin, cocaine, methaqualone (Quaaludes), cannabis Wonderland
- 2004 morphine, amphetamines, codeine, temazepam, MDMA, cannabis One Perfect Day
- 2005 morphine, cocaine, alcohol, cannabis Get Rich or Die Tryin'
- 2006 amphetamines, methamphetamine, cannabis, cocaine A Scanner Darkly
- 2006 heroin/morphine, methadone, MDMA, cannabis Candy
- 2006 heroin, oxycodone, hydrocodone, amphetamines, temazepam, lorazepam, cannabis Factory Girl
- 2006 alcohol Lights in the Dusk
- 2006 cocaine, hydrocodone, alcohol, codeine, Viagra, cannabis Love is the Drug
- 2006 heroin, cocaine Someone To Run With
- 2006 heroin, amphetamines, cocaine, MDMA, Viagra, cannabis The Boys & Girls Guide to Getting Down
- 2006 cocaine, benzodiazepines The Departed
- 2007 morphine, LSD, cannabis Across the Universe
- 2008 DMT, methamphetamine, cocaine, alcohol, MDMA, LSD, cannabis Enter the Void
- 2011 heroin/morphine, amphetamines, cocaine, opium, alcohol, benzodiazepines, cannabis American Horror Story
- 2011 methamphetamine, heroin, cocaine, alcohol, cannabis Shameless (U.S. TV series)
- 2012 morphine Anna Karenina
- 2012 heroin, cocaine, alcohol Flight
- 2012 morphine, amphetamines, alcohol, cannabis On the Road
- 2013 cocaine, methaqualone, alcohol The Wolf of Wall Street
- 2015 cocaine, alcohol I Smile Back
- 2015 alcohol Nee-Na - 2015 alcohol, cocaine (other drugs not specified) To Write Love on Her Arms
^ "Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is probably the most disputed of psychiatric diagnoses and of
psychological forensic evaluations in the legal arena. The iatrogenic proponents assert that DID phenomena originate from psychotherapeutic treatment, while traumagenic proponents state that DID develops after severe and chronic childhood trauma. In addition, DID that is simulated [feigned] with malingering intentions, but not stimulated by psychotherapeutic treatment, may be called pseudogenic. With DID gaining more interest among the general public, it can be expected that the number of pseudogenic cases will grow and the need to distinguish between traumagenic, iatrogenic, or pseudogenic DID will increase accordingly." Reinders AA (2008). "Cross-examining dissociative identity disorder: Neuroimaging and etiology on trial". Neurocase. 14 (1): 44-53. doi:10.1080/13554790801992768. PMID 18569730.
Evelyn B. Kelly (2015). . ABC-CLIO. pp. 83-84. The 101 Most Unusual Diseases and Disorders ISBN 978-1-61069-676-0.
"Skeptical Cinema: 'Bug' and folie à deux". CFI Center for Inquiry. 2013 . Retrieved 2017.
Light, Alan (May 29, 2015). "In _éïLove & Mercy,_éì Brian Wilson Is Portrayed by John Cusack and Paul Dano". . The New York Times
Nutt, D; King LA; Saulsbury W; Blakemore C (24 March 2007). "Development of a rational scale to assess the harm of drugs of potential misuse". The Lancet. 369 (9566): 1047_éç1053. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60464-4. PMID 17382831.
References Danny Wedding, Mary Ann Boyd and Ryan M. Niemiec,
Movies and Mental Illness: Using Films to Understand Psychopathology, 2nd ed., Cambridge, MA, Hogrefe & Hufer Publishing, 2005, ISBN 0-88937-292-6. http://www.hogrefe.com/program/movies-and-mental-illness.html David J. Robinson,
Reel Psychiatry: Movie Portrayals of Psychiatric Conditions, Rapid Psychler Press, 2003, ISBN 1-894328-07-8.
Glen O. Gabbard and Krin Gabbard, Psychiatry and the Cinema, American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc., 2nd ed., 1999, ISBN 0-88048-964-2. Otto F. Wahl, Media Madness: Public Images of Mental Illness, Piscataway, NJ, Rutgers University Press, 1997, ISBN 0-8135-2213-7.