There are fifteen national parks in Spain: ten in the Iberian Peninsula and five in the Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands. Twelve of the seventeen autonomous communities of Spain have national parks. Canary Islands has the most (four), followed by Andalusia, Castile-La Mancha and Castile and León (two each). There are five autonomous communities that have no national parks: Basque Country, La Rioja, Murcia, Navarre, Valencian Community.
About 10 million people visited Spanish national parks in 2009, with Teide accounting for about 30% of all visitors. The second most visited park was Picos de Europa (18%), followed by Timanfaya (13%). The least visited parks were Cabrera Archipelago (0.60%) and Cabañeros (0.90%). With more than 2.5 million visitors in 2013, Teide was the most visited national park in Europe that year, and sixth most visited in the world.
The Sierra de las Nieves Natural Park in the province of Malaga is being elevated to National Park status.
|Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici||Lleida||Catalonia||1955||14,119 ha
|Consists of two valleys (Sant Nicolau and L'Escrita) located between the rivers Noguera Pallaresa and Noguera Ribagorzana. Comaloforno is the highest mountain, with a peak at 3,033 meters (9,951 ft).|||
|Cabañeros||Ciudad Real and Toledo||Castile-La Mancha||1995||40,856 ha
|Part of the Montes de Toledo system of mountain ranges. Rocigalgo, at about 1,500 meters (4,900 ft), is the highest mountain in the park.|||
|Cabrera Archipelago||Balearic Islands||Balearic Islands||1991||10,021 ha
|Consists of the Balearic island Cabrera, that was isolated from Majorca during the last glacial period 12,000 years ago, and the surrounding archipelago.|||
|Caldera de Taburiente||Santa Cruz de Tenerife (La Palma island)||Canary Islands||1954||4,690 ha
|Doñana||Huelva and Sevilla||Andalusia||1969||54,252 ha
|Garajonay||Santa Cruz de Tenerife (La Gomera island)||Canary Islands||1981||3,984 ha
|Guadarrama||Madrid, Segovia and Ávila||Community of Madrid and Castile and León||2013||33,960 ha
|Illas Atlánticas de Galicia||A Coruña and Pontevedra||Galicia||2002||8,480 ha
|Ordesa y Monte Perdido||Huesca||Aragon||1918||15,608 ha
|Picos de Europa||Asturias, León and Cantabria||Asturias, Castile-Leon and Cantabria||1918||67,127 ha
|Covers the mountain range Picos de Europa (part of the Cantabrian Mountains) and consists of three massifs: Central, Western and Eastern. Torre de Cerredo, at 2,646 meters (8,681 ft), is the highest mountain.|||
|Sierra Nevada||Granada, Almería, and Málaga||Andalusia||1999||85,883 ha
|The parks has fifteen peaks over 3,000 meters (9,800 ft) altitude, including Mulhacén, the highest mountain in the Iberian Peninsula, with a peak of 3,482 meters (11,424 ft).|||
|Tablas de Daimiel||Ciudad Real||Castile-La Mancha||1973||3,030 ha
|Teide||Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Tenerife island)||Canary Islands||1954||18,990 ha
|Timanfaya||Las Palmas (Lanzarote island)||Canary Islands||1974||5,107 ha