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List of Physicians
This is a list of famous
physicians in history.
Chronological list of physicians
Ancient world 460-370 BC
Hippocrates considered the most outstanding figure in the history of medicine. 129 AD -
c. 200/ c. 216), Galen the most accomplished of all medical researchers of antiquity, d.260
Gargilius Martialis short Latin handbook on Medicines from Vegetables and Fruits  325-400
Oribasius 70 volume encyclopedia  369
Basil of Caesarea founded at Caesarea in Cappadocia an institution (hospital) called Basilias, with several buildings for patients, nurses, physicians, workshops, and schools  375
Ephrem the Syrian opened a hospital at Edessa They spread out and specialized nosocomia for the sick, brephotrophia for foundlings, orphanotrophia for orphans, ptochia for the poor, xenodochia for poor or infirm pilgrims, and gerontochia for the old.   400 first hospital in Latin Christendom was founded by
Fabiola at Rome  420 Caelius Aurelianus doctor from Sicca Veneria (El-Kef, Tunisia) handbook On Acute and Chronic Diseases in Latin. 
Middle Ages 5th-16th century
Islamic Middle Ages 9th-12th c. 800-873
Al-Kindi (Alkindus) De Gradibus 820
Benedictine hospital founded, School of Salerno would grow around it  857d
Mesue the elder (Yann? ibn M?sawayh) Syriac Christian  c. 830-870
Hunayn ibn Ishaq (Johannitius) Syriac-speaking Christian also knew Greek and Arabic. Translator and author of several medical tracts.  c. 838-870
Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari, writes an encyclopedia of medicine in Arabic.  c.910d
Ishaq ibn Hunayn 9th century
Yahya ibn Sarafyun Syriac physician Johannes Serapion, Serapion the Elder  c. 865-925
Rhazes pediatrics, and makes the first clear distinction between  smallpox and measles in his al-Hawi. d.955
Isaac Judaeus Isq ibn Sulaym?n al-Isrl? Egyptian born Jewish physician  913-982
Shabbethai Donnolo alleged founding father of School of Salerno wrote in Hebrew  d. 990
Al-Tamimi, the physician d. 982-994
'Ali ibn al-'Abbas al-Majusi Haly Abbas  1000
Albucasis (936-1018) surgery Kitab , al-Tasrif surgical instruments.  d.1075
Ibn Butlan Christian physician of Baghdad Tacuinum sanitatis the Arabic original and most of the Latin copies, are in tabular format  1018-1087
Michael Psellos or Psellus a Byzantine monk, writer, philosopher, politician and historian. several books on medicine  1021
Alhazen c. 1030
Avicenna The The Canon of Medicine Canon remains a standard textbook in Muslim and European universities until the 18th century. c.1071-1078
Simeon Seth or Symeon Seth an 11th-century Jewish Byzantine translated Arabic works into Greek  1084 First documented hospital in England Canterbury
Constantine the African  1083-1153
Anna Komnene Latinized as Comnena 1095 Congregation of the Antonines, was founded to treat victims of "
St. Anthony's fire" a skin disease.  late 11th early 12th century
Trotula  1123
St Bartholomew's Hospital founded by the court jester Rahere Augustine nuns originally cared for the patients. Mental patients were accepted along with others  1127
Stephen of Antioch translated the work of Haly Abbas 1100-1161
Avenzoar, teacher of Averroes  1126-1198 Averroes 
Scholastic Medicine 13th-16th century
Renaissance to Early Modern Period 16th-18th century
19th century: Rise of modern medicine
Physicians famous for their role in advancement of medicine
William Osler Abbott (1902-1943) -- co-developed the Miller-Abbott tube
William Stewart Agras -- feeding behavior
Virginia Apgar (1909-1974) -- anesthesiologist who devised the Apgar score used after childbirth
Jean Astruc (1684-1766) -- wrote one of the first treatises on syphilis
Averroes (1126-1198) -- Andalusian polymath
Avicenna (980-1037) -- Persian physician
Gerbrand Bakker (1771-1828) -- Dutch physician, with works in Dutch and Latin on midwifery, practical surgery, animal magnetism, worms, the human eye, comparative anatomy, and the anatomy of the brain
Frederick Banting (1891-1941) -- isolated insulin
Christiaan Barnard (1922-2001) -- performed first heart transplant
Charles Best (1899-1978) -- assisted in the discovery of insulin
Norman Bethune (1890-1939) -- developer of battlefield surgical techniques
Theodor Billroth (1829-1894) -- father of modern abdominal surgery
Elizabeth Blackwell (1821-1910) -- first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States; first openly identified woman to receive a medical degree; pioneered the advancement of women in medicine
Alfred Blalock (1899-1964) -- noted for his research on the medical condition of shock and the development of the Blalock-Taussig Shunt, surgical relief of the cyanosis from Tetralogy of Fallot, known commonly as the blue baby syndrome, with his assistant Vivien Thomas and pediatric cardiologist Helen Taussig
Charaka -- Indian physician
Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) -- pioneering neurologist
Guy de Chauliac (1290-1368) -- one of the first physicians to have an experimental approach towards medicine; also recorded the Black Death
Loren Cordain (born 1950) -- American nutritionist and exercise physiologist, Paleolithic diet
Harvey Cushing (1869-1939) -- American neurosurgeon; father of modern-day brain surgery
Garcia de Orta (1501-1568) -- revealed herbal medicines of India, described cholera
Gerhard Domagk (1895-1964) -- pathologist and bacteriologist; credited with the discovery of Sulfonamidochrysoidine (KI-730), the first commercially available antibiotic; won 1939 the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Charles R. Drew (1904-1950) -- blood transfusion pioneer
Helen Flanders Dunbar (1902-1959) -- important early figure in U.S. psychosomatic medicine
Galen (129-c. 210) -- Roman physician and anatomist
Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915) -- German scientist; won the 1908 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine; developed Ehrlich's reagent
Christiaan Eijkman (1858-1930) -- pathologist, studied beriberi
Pierre Fauchard -- father of dentistry
René Gerónimo Favaloro (1923-2000) -- Argentine cardiac surgeon who created the coronary bypass grafting procedure
Alexander Fleming (1881-1955) -- Scottish scientist, inventor of penicillin
Girolamo Fracastoro (1478-1553) -- wrote on syphilis, forerunner of germ theory
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) -- founder of psychoanalysis
Daniel Carleton Gajdusek (1923-2008) -- studied Kuru, Nobel prize winner
George E. Goodfellow (1855-1910) -- recognized as first U.S. civilian trauma surgeon, expert in gunshot wound treatment
Henry Gray (1827-1861) -- English anatomist and surgeon, creator of Gray's Anatomy
Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919) -- physician and anatomist
William Harvey (1578-1657) -- English physician, described the circulatory system
Henry Heimlich (born 1920) -- inventor of the Heimlich maneuver and the Vietnam War-era chest drain valve
Orvan Hess (1906-2002) -- fetal heart monitor and first successful use of penicillin
Hippocrates (c. 460-370 BCE) -- Greek father of medicine
John Hunter (1728-1793) -- father of modern surgery, famous for his study of anatomy
Kurt Julius Isselbacher (born 1928) -- Former editor of Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, prominent Gastroenterologist, founder of the Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Association of American Physicians Kober Medal winner
Edward Jenner (1749-1823) -- English physician popularized vaccination
Elliott P. Joslin (1869-1962) -- pioneer in the treatment of diabetes
Carl Jung (1875-1961) -- Swiss psychiatrist
Leo Kanner (1894-1981) -- Austrian- American psychiatrist known for work on autism
Seymour Kety (1915-2000) -- American neuroscientist
Robert Koch (1843-1910) -- formulated Koch's postulates
Theodor Kocher -- thyroid surgery; first surgeon to win the Nobel Prize
Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laennec (1781-1826) -- inventor of the stethoscope
Janet Lane-Claypon (1877-1967) -- pioneer of epidemiology
Thomas Linacre (1460-1524) -- founder of Royal College of Physicians
Joseph Lister (1827-1912) -- pioneer of antiseptic surgery
Richard Lower (1631-1691) -- studied the lungs and heart, and performed the first blood transfusion
Paul Loye (1861-1890) -- studied the nervous system and decapitation
Wilhelm Frederick von Ludwig (1790-1865) -- a German physician known for his 1836 publication on the condition now known as Ludwig's angina
Amato Lusitano (1511-1568) -- discovered venous valves, studied blood circulation
Madhav (8th century A.D.) -- medical text author and systematizer
Marcello Malpighi (1628-1694) -- Italian anatomist, pioneer in histology
Charles Horace Mayo (1865-1939) -- co-founder, Mayo Clinic
William James Mayo (1861-1939) -- co-founder, Mayo Clinic
William Worrall Mayo (1819-1911) -- co-founder, Mayo Clinic
Salvador Mazza (1886-1946) -- Argentine epidemiologist who helped in controlling American trypanosomiasis
William McBride -- discovered teratogenicity of thalidomide
Otto Fritz Meyerhof (1884-1951) -- studied muscle metabolism; Nobel prize
George Richards Minot (1885-1950) -- Nobel prize for his study of anemia
Frederic E. Mohs (1910-2002) -- responsible for the method of surgery now called Mohs surgery
Egas Moniz (1874-1955) -- developed lobotomy and brain artery angiography
Richard Morton (1637-1698) -- identified tubercles in consumption (phthisis) of lungs; basis for modern name tuberculosis
Herbert Needleman -- scientifically established link between lead poisoning and neurological damage; key figure in successful efforts to limit lead exposure
Charles Jean Henri Nicolle (1866-1936) -- microbiologist who won Nobel prize for work on typhus
Ian Olver (born 1953)
Gary Onik -- inventor and pioneer of ultrasound guided cryosurgery for both the prostate and the liver
William Osler (1849-1919) -- "father of modern medicine"
Ralph Paffenbarger -- conducted classic studies demonstrating conclusively that active people reduce their risk of heart disease and live longer
George Papanicolaou (1883-1962) -- Greek pioneer in cytopathology and early cancer detection; inventor of the Pap smear
Paracelsus (1493-1541) -- founder of toxicology
Ambroise Paré (1510-1590) -- advanced surgical wound treatment
Wilder Penfield (1891-1976) -- pioneer in neurology
Marcus Raichle (born 1937) -- father of functional neuroimaging
Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1852-1934) -- father of modern neuroscience for his development of the neuron theory
Joseph Ransohoff (1915-2001) -- neurosurgeon who invented the modern technique for removing brain tumors Sir
William Refshauge (1913-2009) -- Australian public health administrator
Rhazes (c. 854-925) ( Abu Bakr Mohammad Ibn Zakariya al-Razi)
Juan Rosai (born 1940) -- advanced surgical pathology; discovered the desmoplastic small round cell tumor and Rosai-Dorfman disease
Jonas Salk (1914-1995) -- developed a vaccine for polio
Lall Sawh (born 1951) -- Trinidadian surgeon/urologist and pioneer of kidney transplantation in the Caribbean
Martin Schurig (1656-1733) -- first physician to occupy himself with the anatomy of the sexual organs. 
Ignaz Semmelweis (1818-1865) -- a pioneer of avoiding cross-infection -- introduced hand washing and instrument cleaning
Victor Skumin (born 1948) -- first to describe a previously unknown disease, now called Skumin syndrome (a disorder of the  central nervous system of some patients after receiving a prosthetic heart valve) 
John Snow (1813-1858) -- anaesthetist and pioneer epidemiologist who studied cholera
Thomas Starzl (1926-2017) -- performed the first liver transplant
Andrew Taylor Still (1828-1917) -- father of osteopathic medicine
Susruta (c. 500 BCE) -- Indian physician and pioneering surgeon
Thomas Sydenham (1642-1689) -- clinician
James Mourilyan Tanner (born 1920) -- developed Tanner stages and advanced auxology
Helen B. Taussig (1898-1986) -- founded field of pediatric cardiology, worked to prevent thalidomide marketing in the US
Carlo Urbani (1956-2003) -- discovered and died from SARS
Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564) -- Belgian anatomist, often referred to as the founder of modern human anatomy
Vidus Vidius (1508-1569) -- first professor of medicine at the College Royal and author of medical texts
Rudolf Virchow (1821-1902) -- German pathologist, founder of fields of comparative pathology and cellular pathology
Carl Warburg (1805-1892) -- German/ British physician and clinical pharmacologist, inventor of Warburg's Tincture, a famed antipyretic and antimalarial medicine of the Victorian era
Otto Heinrich Warburg (1883-1970) -- German physiologist, medical doctor; Nobel prize 1931
Allen Oldfather Whipple (1881-1963) -- devised the Whipple procedure in 1935 for treatment of pancreatic cancer
Priscilla White -- developed classification of diabetes mellitus and pregnancy to assess and reduce the risk of miscarriage, birth defect, stillbirth, and maternal death
Carl Wood -- developed and commercialized in-vitro fertilization
Alfred Worcester (1855-1951) -- pioneer in geriatrics, palliative care, appendectomy, cesarean section, student health, nursing education
Ole Wormius (1588-1654) -- pioneer in embryology
Sir Magdi Yacoub (born 1935) -- one of the leading developers of the techniques of heart and heart-lung transplantation
Boris Yegorov (1937-1994) -- first physician in space (1964) Zhang Xichun (1860-1933) -- first physician to integrate Chinese and Western medicine
Physicians famous chiefly as eponyms
Among the better known
Physicians famous as criminals
Physicians famous as writers
Among the better known writers:
Mikhail Bulgakov (1891-1940) - Russian novelist and playwright
Louis-Ferdinand Celine (1894-1961) - French novelist, author of Journey to the End of the Night
Graham Chapman (1941-1989) - writer and actor, founding member of Monty Python
Anton Chekhov (1860-1904) - Russian playwright
Robin Cook - American author of bestselling novels, wrote Coma
Michael Crichton (1942-2008) - American author of Jurassic Park
A. J. Cronin (1896-1981) - Scottish novelist and essayist, author of The Citadel
Anthony Daniels (born 1949) - as 'Theodore Dalrymple' and under his own name, a British author, critic and social and cultural commentator Sir
Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930) - British author of Sherlock Holmes fame
Khaled Hosseini (born 1965) - American author, originally from Afghanistan, of bestselling novels and The Kite Runner A Thousand Splendid Suns
John Keats (1795-1821) - English poet
Morio Kita - Japanese novelist and essayist; son of Mokichi Sait?
Jean Baptiste Lefebvre de Villebrune (1732-1809) - French physician who translated several works from Latin, English, Spanish, Italian, and German into French
Luke the Evangelist - one of the four Gospel writers of the Bible
John S. Marr - proposed natural explanations for the ten plagues of Egypt
W. Somerset Maugham (1874-1965) - British novelist and short story writer, wrote Of Human Bondage
Alfred de Musset (1810-1857) - French playwright, discovered sign of syphilitic aortitis
Mori ?gai - Japanese novelist, poet, and literary critic
Walker Percy (1916-1990) - American philosopher and writer
François Rabelais (1483-1553) - French author of Gargantua and Pantagruel
Mokichi Sait? - Japanese poet
Friedrich von Schiller (1759-1805), German writer, poet, essayist and dramatist William Carlos Williams (1883-1963) - American poet and essayist
Patrick Abercromby (1656-c. 1716) - historian
Jacob Appel - short story writer
Janet Asimov (born 1926) (née Janet O. Jeppson) - American psychiatrist, wife of Isaac Asimov
Arnie Baker - cycling coach
Sir Thomas Browne (1605-1682) - British writer
Georg Büchner - German dramatist
Ludwig Büchner - German philosopher
Thomas Campion - poet, composer
Ethan Canin - novelist, short story writer
Deepak Chopra - Indian/American writer of self-help and health books
Alex Comfort (1920-2000) - British writer and poet, author of The Joy of Sex
Ctesias (5th century B.C.) - Greek historian
Steven Clark Cunningham (born 1972), children's poem writer
Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802) - British poet, grandfather of Charles Darwin
Georges Duhamel (1884-1966) - French writer, dramatist, poet and humanist
Havelock Ellis (1859-1940) - British writer and poet, author of The Psychology of Sex
Viktor Frankl (1905-1997) - Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist, author of Man's Search for Meaning
Samuel Garth (1661-1719) - British author and translator of classics
Atul Gawande - surgeon and medical writer New Yorker
William Gilbert - British author; father of W. S. Gilbert
Oliver Goldsmith - British author
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. (1809-1894) - American essayist
Richard Hooker - author of M*A*S*H
Arthur Johnston (1587-1641) - poet
Charles Krauthammer (1950-2018) - American psychiatrist, syndicated political columnist
R. D. Laing - Scottish writer and poet, leader of the anti-psychiatry movement
Stanis?aw Lem (1929-2006) - Polish author of science-fiction ( ) Solaris
Carlo Levi (1902-1975) - Italian novelist and writer
David Livingstone (1813-1873) - Scottish medical missionary, explorer of Africa, travel writer
Adeline Yen Mah - Chinese-American author
Paolo Mantegazza (1831-1910) - Italian writer, author of science fiction book L'Anno 3000
Jean-Paul Marat (1743-1793) - French writer, a leader of French Revolution; assassinated in bathtub
Silas Weir Mitchell (1829-1914) - American writer
Mungo Park- Scottish physician and explorer
Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman - Indian author and translator of classical manuscripts
José Rizal (1861-1896) - Filipino novelist, scientist, linguist, and national hero
João Guimarães Rosa - Brazilian writer Sir
Ronald Ross (1857-1932) - British writer and poet, discovered the malarial parasite
Theodore Isaac Rubin (born 1923) - American author of David and Lisa
Oliver Sacks (born 1933) - British essayist ( The Man Who Mistook his Wife for a Hat)
Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965) - German charitative worker, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (1952), theologian, philosopher, organist, musicologist
Frank Slaughter (1908-2001) - American bestseller author, wrote ( Doctor's Wives)
Tobias Smollett (1721-1771) - author
Benjamin Spock (1903-1988) - American pediatrician, wrote Baby and Child Care
Patrick Taylor - Canadian best-selling novelist
Osamu Tezuka - Japanese cartoonist and animator; the "father of anime"
Lewis Thomas (1913-1993) - American essayist and poet Sir
Henry Thompson — British surgeon and polymath
Vladislav Van?ura (1891-1942) - Czech writer, screenwriter and film director Francis Brett Young (1884-1954) - English novelist and poet
Physicians famous as politicians
Ayad Allawi - interim Prime Minister of Iraq
Salvador Allende (1908-1973) - Chilean president
Emilio Álvarez Montalván - Foreign Minister of Nicaragua
Arnulfo Arias - Panaman President
Bashar Al-Assad - Syrian national leader
Michelle Bachelet (born 1951) - Chilean president
Hastings Kamuzu Banda (1898-1997) - Prime Minister, President and later dictator of Malawi
Gro Harlem Brundtland (born 1939) - first Norwegian female prime minister; Director-General of the World Health Organization
Margaret Chan - Director General of the WHO; former Director of Health of Hong Kong
Chen Chi-mai - former mayor of Kaohsiung, Taiwan
York Chow - Secretary for Health, Welfare and Food of Hong Kong
Denzil Douglas - Prime Ministers of Saint Kitts and Nevis, 1995-2015
François Duvalier (1907-1971) - also known as Papa Doc; President and later dictator of Haiti
Antônio Palocci Filho - Brazilian politician, Finance Minister
Christian Friedrich, Baron von Stockmar - Anglo-Belgian statesman
Che Guevara - Latin American revolutionary leader
George Habash - founder of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
Ibrahim al-Jaafari - Prime minister of Iraq
Radovan Karad?i? (born 1945) - first President of Republika Srpska, now facing charges for genocide and crimes against humanity
Mohammad-Reza Khatami - Iranian politician
Ewa Kopacz - Polish Prime Minister who succeeded Donald Tusk, 2014-2015
Juscelino Kubitscheck - Brazilian president
Mahathir bin Mohamad - Malaysian prime minister
Agostinho Neto (1922-1979) - MPLA leader and president of Angola
Navin Ramgoolam - Prime minister of Mauritius
Lloyd Richardson - President of the Parliament of Sint Maarten, 2014-2015
José Rizal (1861-1896) - Filipino revolutionary and national hero
Bidhan Chandra Roy - Indian politician
Hélio de Oliveira Santos - Brazilian politician, mayor of Campinas
Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925) - founder of the Republic of China
Tabaré Vázquez - former Uruguayan President
Ali Akbar Velayati (born 1945) - Iranian Foreign Minister, 1981-1997
William Walker (1824-1860) - ruler of Nicaragua
Ram Baran Yadav (born 1948) - first elected president of the republic of Nepal Yeoh Eng-kiong - former Secretary for Health and Welfare of Hong Kong
Physicians famous as sportspeople
Physicians famous for their role in television and the media
Physicians famous as beauty queens
Physicians famous for other activities
Anderson Ruffin Abbott
Jane Addams — social activist
David Alter — inventor
Rosalind Ambrose (born 1953) introduced CAT scan, fluoroscopy, mammography, teleradiology and ultrasound technologies to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Oswald Avery (1877-1955) — molecular biologist who discovered DNA carried genetic information
Ali Bacher — cricketer
Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi — traveller
Roger Bannister -- runner, first sub-four-minute miler
Josiah Bartlett — American statesman and chief justice of New Hampshire
T. Romeyn Beck (1791-1855) — American forensic medicine pioneer
Ramon Betances — surgeon, PR nationalist
Maximilian Bircher-Benner (1867-1939) — nutritionist
Oscar Biscet — human rights advocate
Herman Boerhaave — humanist
Alexander Borodin — composer, chemist
Thomas Bowdler — censor
Lafayette Bunnell — explorer of Yosemite Valley
John Caius (1510-1573) — physician and educator
Roberto Canessa — survivor of Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571, which crashed in the Andes Mountains in 1972
Gerolamo Cardano — mathematician
Alexis Carrell — transplant surgeon, eugenicist, Vichy sympathizer
Ben Carson — African-American neurosurgeon
Laurel B. Clark (1961-2003) — American astronaut, killed in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster
Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) — mathematician and astronomer
Ted Eisenberg, the Guinness World Record holder for most breast augmentation surgeries performed.
Steven Eisenberg, known as "The Singing Cancer Doctor."
Sextus Empiricus (2nd–3rd century C.E.) — philosopher
Giovanni Fontana -- Venetian physician, engineer, and encyclopedist
Galileo Galilei -- astronomer, physicist, engineer, philosopher, and mathematician
Luigi Galvani — physicist
Pierre Gassendi (1592-1655) — philosopher
William Gilbert (1544-1603) — physicist
Carl Goresky — physician and scientist
W. G. Grace — cricketer
John Franklin Gray (1804-1881) — American educator, first practitioner of homeopathy in the US
Nehemiah Grew — botanist
Samuel Hahnemann — founder of homeopathy
Armand Hammer — entrepreneur
Karin M. Hehenberger — diabetes expert
Hermann von Helmholtz — physicist
Jan Baptist van Helmont (1577-1655) — physiologist
Harry Hill — British comedian
Samuel Gridley Howe — abolitionist
Ebenezer Kingsbury Hunt (1810-1889) — President of the Connecticut State Medical Society; director of the Retreat for the Insane
Mae Jemison (born 1956) — astronaut
David Johnson — American swimmer
Stuart Kauffman (born 1939) — biologist
John Keats -- poet and author
John Harvey Kellogg — cereal manufacturer
Charles Krauthammer (born 1950) — columnist and political commentator
Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909) — based his system of criminology on physiognomy
John McAndrew (born 1927) — All-Ireland Gaelic Footballer
June McCarroll — inventor of lane markings
Pat McGeer — Canadian basketball player
James McHenry (1753-1816) — signer of the United States Constitution
Archibald Menzies — naturalist
Franz Mesmer (1734-1815) — proponent of mesmerism and the idea of animal magnetism
Jonathan Miller — television presenter and stage director
Paul Möhring (1710-1792) — zoologist, botanist
Maria Montessori — educator
Boris V. Morukov — cosmonaut
Lee "Final Table" Nelson — professional poker player
Haing S. Ngor — Oscar-winning film actor
Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers (1758-1840) — astronomer
Dinesh Palipana — physician with disability and advocate
Roza Papo — army general
James Parkinson — physician, geologist, political activist
Claude Perrault — architect
Christian Hendrik Persoon — South African botanist
Pope John XXI — pope
Scott Powell — co-founder of the nostalgia group Sha Na Na
Weston A. Price — traveler, educator
Syed Ziaur Rahman — physician and medical scientist
John Ray — plant taxonomer
Prathap C. Reddy
Bradbury Robinson — threw the first legal forward pass in American football history while a medical student at St. Louis University
Peter Mark Roget — English lexicographer
Jacques Rogge — sports official
Mowaffak al-Rubaie — human rights advocate, member of the Interim Iraqi Governing Council
Benjamin Rush — signer of the United States Constitution
Daniel Rutherford (1749-1819) — chemist
Bendapudi Venkata Satyanarayana
Félix Savart — physicist
Albert Schweitzer — humanist
Michael Servetus (1511-1553) — burnt at the stake by Calvinists for heresy
Paul Sinha — British comedian
Rob Sitch — Australian comedian
Sócrates (born 1954, Sócrates Brasileiro Sampaio de Souza Vieira de Oliveira) — Brazilian football (soccer) player
James Hudson Taylor (1832-1905) — British missionary to China and founder of the China Inland Mission
Norman Earl Thagard — astronaut
Debi Thomas (born 1967) — Olympic figure skater
William E. Thornton — astronaut
John Tidwell — American basketball player
Nasiruddin al-Tusi — astronomer
Andrew Wakefield — conducted studies on disputed link between vaccines and neurodevelopmental disorders, which had many serious consequences
William Walker — Latin American adventurer
Moshe Wallach (1866-1957) — founder and director of Shaare Zedek Hospital, Jerusalem, for 45 years
John Clarence Webster — Canadian historian
Wilhelm Weinberg — with G.H. Hardy, developed the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium model of population genetics
JPR Williams — rugby union player
Hugh Williamson — American patriot, statesman, Surgeon General of SC Thomas Young — scientist
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