Prayagraj (previously known as Allahabad), a city in the State of Uttar Pradesh, India is an important tourist destination attracting a large number of tourists annually. Enriched with a glorious history and being one of the oldest cities in the world, Allahabad has several historical monuments from different periods of Indian History, from the tomb of Khusru, in Khusrobagh which was built during the medieval period under Mughal Rule to All Saints Cathedral in Civil Lines built during the British Raj to Alopi Devi Mandir in Alopibagh which is one of the oldest Hindu temples built during the ancient period. Several more historical locations like the Allahabad Fort built by Emperor Akbar during the Mughal Rule to several ancient Hindu temples like the Hanuman Temple near Sangam adorn the city. Allahabad is also famous worldwide for the Kumbh Mela, a holy religious gathering of Hindu pilgrims which also attracts a large number of tourists and has been taking place in the city from ancient times. There are several other places of interest like the Allahabad University which was built by the British during the British Raj to several contemporary monuments, each depicting a different time-period in the history of the city.
|Holy river||Triveni Sangam||-||It is the "confluence" of two physical rivers Ganges, Yamuna, and the invisible or mythical Saraswati. It is a place of religious importance and the site for historic Kumbh Mela held every 12 years.|
|Park||Alfred Park||1931||Also known as Chandrashekhar Azad Park and Company Garden it is a public park of 133 acres area and is the biggest park in Allahabad. It is renamed after freedom fighter Chandra Shekhar Azad, who sacrificed his life here, during the Indian independence struggle in 1931.|
|Cathedral||All Saints Cathedral||1887||A noted Anglican Cathedral in Allahabad. It is an example of 13th-century Gothic style buildings in Asia built by the British during their rule in India. In 1871 AD, British architect Sir William Emerson, architect of Victoria Memorial, Kolkata, designed this monument. It was consecrated in 1887|
|Fort||Allahabad Fort||1583||Allahabad Fort was built by Emperor Ashoka but repaired by Emperor Akbar in 1583. The fort stands on the banks of the Yamuna near the confluence with the river Ganges. It is the largest fort built by Akbar. In its prime, the fort was unrivaled for its design, construction and craftsmanship. This huge fort has three galleries flanked by high towers.|
|High Court||Allahabad High Court||1869||A fine example of Georgian architecture, it was one of the first high courts to be established in India.|
|Museum||Allahabad Museum||1931||Established in 1931, it is known for its rich collection and unique objects of art, and is funded by Ministry of Culture.|
|University||Allahabad University||1887||One of the oldest universities established in the Indian subcontinent. Its origins lie in the Muir Central College, named after Lt. Governor of North-Western Provinces, Sir William Muir in 1876, who suggested the idea of a Central University at Allahabad, which later evolved to the present university. At one point it was called the "Oxford of the East",|
|Museum||Anand Bhavan||1930||Anand Bhavan is a large bungalow in Allahabad which has been turned into museum. It was constructed by Indian political leader Motilal Nehru in the 1930s to serve as the new residence of the Nehru family when the original mansion Swaraj Bhavan was transformed into the local headquarters of the Indian National Congress.|
|Neighborhood||Civil Lines||19th century||Formerly known as Cannington it is the central business district of Allahabad, and is famous for its urban setting, gridiron plan roads and high rise buildings. The area was built by the British during the heyday of the British Raj and was a residential colony of the British at that time. The present day Civil Lines has several skyscrapers and modern buildings which show the constant change taking place in the city.|
|Planetarium||Jawahar Planetarium||1979||The planetarium was built in 1979 and is situated beside Anand Bhavan, the former residence of the Nehru-Gandhi family. It is managed by the 'Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund' (established 1964), which has its headquarters at Teen Murti House, New Delhi.|
|Garden||Khusro Bagh||18th century||It is a large walled mughal garden surrounding the mausoleums of Khusrau Mirza (died 1622), eldest son of emperor Jahangir, Shah Begum, Khusrau's mother (died 1604), a Rajput princess and Jahangir's first wife, and that of Princess Sultan Nithar Begam (died c.1624), Khusrau's sister. It presents an exquisite example of Mughal architecture|
|Festival||Kumbh Mela||-||It is a mass Hindu pilgrimage of faith in which Hindus gather to bathe in a sacred river. It is considered to be largest peaceful gathering in the world with over 100 million people visiting during the Maha Kumbh Mela in 2013.|
|Public Library/Meeting Hall||Mayo Memorial Hall||1879||A large public library cum meeting hall in Allahabad, situated near the Thornhill Mayne Memorial, was meant for public meetings, balls and receptions in commemoration of the assassinated Viceroy. Mayo Memorial Hall was designed by Richard Roskell Bayne and was completed in 1879.|
|Park||Minto Park||19th century||The park is a historical site for in 1858 Earl Canning read out the declaration of Queen Victoria's Proclamation which resulted in the complete transfer of control over India from The East India Company to the government of Britain.|
|Bridge||New Yamuna Bridge||2004||It is the longest cable-stayed bridge of India, located in Allahabad The bridge was constructed by the end of 2004 with the aim of minimizing the traffic over the Old Naini Bridge. The bridge runs North-South across the Yamuna river connecting the city of Allahabad to its neighborhood of Naini.|
|Ghat||Saraswati Ghat||2002||Saraswati Ghat is probably the most spectacular ghat in Allahabad on the bank of Yamuna river. It is located close to Mankameshwar Temple of lord Shiva. The name of ghat comes from Hindu Goddess of learning Saraswati.
It is a newly built delightful place. Stairs from three sides descend to the greenish water of the Yamuna. And above there is a park which is always covered with green grass.
|Fort||Ulta Qila||1855||This mound, on which Samudra Koop & Ulta Qila are located, is also known as 'Kot'. A big walled well is located on the mound. It is believed that this 'Samudra Koop' is the one, which is aptly described in Matsya Puran & Padm Puran while archaeologists believe that it was built during the reign of Samudra Gupta hence this name. Till 1855, this area was in the form of a mound only but in the same year a Vaishnav saint Sudarshan Das from Ayodhya renovated the well and got an ashram & a temple built here. This area has big stairs on the Ganges side along with many caves. Five similar wells are found in Ujjain, Mathura, Allahabad, Varanasi & Patalpur also.
Harbenga, the local ruler was very cruel. He hatched the conspiracy of maligning the Sheikh Taqui Baba- a local saint. As a consequence of curses of baba, his evil designs boom ranged and his fort got topsiturveyed (Ulta Qila) and his set up was totally destroyed in a big fire, so the place came to be known as Jhulsi or Jhunsi. But according to some documents released by the Archaeological Department, this incidence happened due to the curses of Guru Gorakhnath, the disciple of Matseyndra Nath.
|Clock Tower||Allahabad Clock Tower||1913||Allahabad Clock Tower is an architectural clock tower located in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India also known as Chowk Ghantaghar.|
|Mansion||Swaraj Bhavan||19th century||A large mansion located in Allahabad which was owned by Indian political leader Motilal Nehru in the 19th century, it has served as the ancestral home of the Nehru-Gandhi Family -- future Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi was born there. The First Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru was however not born in Anand Bhawan.|