National Council of Nepal
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National Council of Nepal
National Assembly

Contiguous:
1st Class 1, 1st Class 2, 1st Class 3 of the National Assembly of Nepal
Coat of arms or logo
Emblem of Nepal
Type
Type
Leadership
Chairperson
Ganesh Prasad Timilsina, NCP
Since 15 March 2018
Vice Chairperson
Shashikala Dahal, NCP
Since 18 March 2018
Structure
Seats59
Assemblee nationale nepalaise.svg
Political groups
Government (44)

Opposition (13)

  •   NC : 13

Other opposition (2)

Length of term
6 years
Elections
Indirect single transferable vote
Last election
07 February 2018 (Classes 1, 2, 3)
Next election
2020 (Class 1); 2022 (Class 2); 2024 (Class 3)
Meeting place
Nepalese Constituent Assembly Building.jpg
International Convention Centre, New Baneshwor, Kathmandu, Nepal
Website
na.parliament.gov.np/np
Emblem of Nepal.svg

politics and government of
Nepal

The National Assembly (Nepali: ; Rastriya Sabha) is the upper house of the bicameral Federal Parliament of Nepal, the lower house being the House of Representatives. The composition and powers of the Assembly are established by Part 8 and 9 of the Constitution of Nepal. There are a total of 59 members: 8 members are elected from each of the seven states by an electoral college of each state, and three are appointed by the President on recommendation of the government.[2]

Members serve staggered six year terms such that the term of one-third members expires every two years.

History

The National Assembly under the 1990 Constitution was dissolved on 15 January 2007 and replaced by a unicameral Interim Legislature. Following two Constituent Assembly elections which also served as an unitary Legislature Parliament, the Constitution of Nepal provisioned for a National Assembly as an upper house.[3]

Maha Sabha

Mahasabha (Nepali: ) was the Upper House of the bicameral parliament of the Kingdom of Nepal during 1959 - 1962.[4]

The Revolution of 1951 made the process to enact a new constitution entitled , which was able to transfer all executive powers back to the Shah kings from Rana regime.[5]

King Mahendra was unable to resist the increasingly well-orchestrated political demands by the Nepali National Congress for a more democratic and representative government, and was forced to promulgate a new constitution.[5]

The Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, 1959 proclaimed on 12 February 1959. The constitution describes about Mahasabha (Nepali: ) as below:

There shall be a Parliament which shall consist of His Majesty and two Houses, to be known respectively as the Senate (Maha Sabha) and the House of Representatives (Pratinidhi Sabha). (Article No. 18, Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, 1959)[4]

The constitution of Kingdom of Nepal, 1959 (Rastriya Panchayat) lasted till 16 December 1962. On 16 December 1962 a new Constitution Constitution of Kingdom of Nepal, 1962 proclaimed and the parliament of the Kingdom of Nepal became unicameral.[6] Mahasabha couldn't continue more than two years.

Rastriya Panchayat

Rastriya Panchayat was a constitution introduce on December 16, 1962 by king Mahendra. [7] A four-tier system of indirectly elected councils was established from the village to the national level.[8] The Rastriya Panchayat decleared Nepal a Hindu State. People's movement of 1990 brought an end to absolute monarchy and Panchayat system.

Membership

The qualifications for being a member of National Assembly are laid out in Article 87 of the constitution and National Assembly Election Act, 2017:

  • must be a citizen of Nepal
  • must be at least thirty-five years of age on date of nomination
  • must have name listed on voter list
  • should not have been convicted of a criminal offense involving moral turpitude
  • must not be disqualified by any Federal law
  • must not be holding any office of profit.

Election Procedure

Each of the Seven Provinces elects 8 members each and Government of Nepal nominates 3 members and recommends to the President for approval.

The electoral college consists of members of the Provincial Assembly and Chairperson/Mayor and Vice Chairperson/Deputy Mayor of the local bodies within the province. Each Provincial Assembly members vote has a weight of forty eight whereas each Chairperson/Mayor/Vice Chairperson/Deputy Mayor vote has a weight of eighteen.

Out of the eight members from each province, three must be women, one must be a Dalit, and one must be a disabled person or from a minority community. Each elector gets four ballots: one for the three open seats, one for the three female seats, one for the dalit seat and one for the disabled or minority seat. The three open seats and the three female seats are filled by STV, the two other seats by FPTP.

The election is conducted by the Election Commission.[9]

Membership by party

List of members

Province No. 1

Name Party Category Date of appointment[10] Class
Parshuram Megi Gurung Nepal Communist Party Open 4 March 2018 2nd
Haricharan Shiwakoti Nepal Communist Party Open 4 March 2018 1st
Ramesh Jung Rayamajhi Nepali Congress Open 4 March 2018 3rd
Nainakala Ojha Nepal Communist Party Women 4 March 2018 2nd
Bina Pokharel Nepal Communist Party Women 4 March 2018 3rd
Sarita Prasai Nepali Congress Women 4 March 2018 1st
Khem Raj Nepali Nepal Communist Party Dalit 4 March 2018 1st
Om Prasad Bantawa Nepal Communist Party Disabled/Minority 4 March 2018 2nd

Province No.2

Name Party Category Date of appointment[10]
Jitendra Dev Nepali Congress Open 4 March 2018
Ramesh Prasad Yadav Rastriya Janata Party Nepal Open 18 March 2018[11]
Suman Raj Pyakurel Nepal Communist Party Open 4 March 2018
Shashikala Dahal Nepal Communist Party Women 4 March 2018
Mukta Kumari Yadav Nepali Congress Women 4 March 2018
Pramila Kumari Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal Women 4 March 2018
Ramprit Paswan Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal Dalit 4 March 2018
Brijesh Chandra Lal Rastriya Janata Party Nepal Disabled/Minority 4 March 2018

Province No. 3

Name Party Category Date of appointment[10]
Ram Bahadur Thapa Nepal Communist Party Open 4 March 2018
Balram Baskota Nepal Communist Party Open 4 March 2018
Radheshyam Adhikari Nepali Congress Open 4 March 2018
Parvati Rawal Nepal Communist Party Women 4 March 2018
Udaya Sharma Nepal Communist Party Women 4 March 2018
Dhana Khatiwada Nepali Congress Women 4 March 2018
Singha Bahadur Bishwakarma Nepal Communist Party Dalit 4 March 2018
Ramchandra Rai Danuwar Nepal Communist Party Disabled/Minority 4 March 2018

Gandaki Pradesh

Name Party Category Date of appointment[10]
Ganesh Prasad Timilsina Nepal Communist Party Open 4 March 2018
Dina Nath Sharma Nepal Communist Party Open 4 March 2018
Surendra Raj Pandey Nepali Congress Open 4 March 2018
Shanti Adhikari Nepal Communist Party Women 4 March 2018
Dipa Gurung Nepal Communist Party Women 4 March 2018
Brinda Rana Magar Nepali Congress Women 4 March 2018
Khim Bahadur BK Nepal Communist Party Dalit 4 March 2018
Prakash Pantha Nepali Congress Disabled/Minority 4 March 2018

Province No. 5

Name Party Categorty Date of appointment[10]
Khim Lal Bhattarai Nepal Communist Party Open 4 March 2018
Chandra Bahadur Khadka Nepal Communist Party Open 4 March 2018
Durga Prasad Upadhyaya Nepali Congress Open 4 March 2018
Komali Oli Nepal Communist Party Women 4 March 2018
Mina Budha Nepal Communist Party Women 4 March 2018
Anita Devkota Nepali Congress Women 4 March 2018
Ram Lakhan Harijan Nepal Communist Party Dalit 4 March 2018
Raj Kumar Kunwar Nepal Communist Party Disabled/Minority 4 March 2018

Karnali Pradesh

Name Party Category Date of appointment[10]
Bhairab Sundar Shrestha Nepal Communist Party Open 4 March 2018
Thagendra Puri Nepal Communist Party Open 4 March 2018
Kali Bahadur Malla Nepal Communist Party Open 4 March 2018
Kabita Bogati Nepal Communist Party Women 4 March 2018
Nanda Sharma Nepal Communist Party Women 4 March 2018
Yutul Lama Nepal Communist Party Women 4 March 2018
Nar Pati Luwar Nepal Communist Party Dalit 4 March 2018
Jeevan Budha Nepal Communist Party Disabled/Minority 4 March 2018

Sudurpashchim Pradesh

Name Party Category Date of appointment[10]
Sher Bahadur Kunwar Nepal Communist Party Open 4 March 2018
Hari Ram Chaudhari Nepal Communist Party Open 4 March 2018
Badri Pandey Nepali Congress Open 4 March 2018
Tara Devi Joshi Nepali Congress Women 4 March 2018
Kamala Oli Nepal Communist Party Women 4 March 2018
Indu Kadariya Nepal Communist Party Women 4 March 2018
Chakra Prasad Snehi Nepal Communist Party Dalit 4 March 2018
Mahesh Kumar Mahara Nepal Communist Party Disabled/Minority 4 March 2018

Nominated

Name Affiliation Date of appointment[12] Class
Bimala Paudel Nepal Communist Party 10 March 2018 3rd
Ram Narayan Bidari Nepal Communist Party 10 March 2018 2nd
Yuba Raj Khatiwada Nepal Communist Party 10 March 2018 1st

References

  1. ^ https://thehimalayantimes.com/nepal/federal-socialist-forum-nepal-keen-to-join-govt-as-pm-assures-of-constitution-amendment/
  2. ^ Article 86 (2) Constitution of Nepal
  3. ^ Jivanta Schottli, Subrata K. Mitra, Siegried Wolf (2015). A Political and Economic Dictionary of South Asia. Routledge. p. 258. ISBN 9781135355760.
  4. ^ a b "The Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, 1959" (PDF). www.constitutionnet.org/vl/item/constitution-kingdom-nepal-1959. Retrieved 2018.
  5. ^ a b "The Interim Constitution, 1951". www.couuntrystudies.us. U.S. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ "Nepal-Salient Features of the New Constitution" (PDF). www.icwa.in. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ "The Panchayat Constitution, 1962". www.countrystudies.us. Retrieved 2018.
  8. ^ "The ideology of Nepal's Panchayati Raj" (PDF). www.arizona.openrepository.com. Retrieved 2018.
  9. ^ IFES FAQs on Elections in Nepal: 2018 National Assembly Elections
  10. ^ a b c d e f g "55 members of National Assembly take oath". The Himalayan Times. 2018-03-04. Retrieved .
  11. ^ "NA member Yadav takes oath". My Republica. Retrieved .
  12. ^ "Three NA members take oath of office". Retrieved .

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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