Pablo de Jérica (1781-1841) was a Spanish writer and journalist.
The oldest child in a merchant family, Jérica studied philosophy in the Dominican convent of his native city. While preparing to study law at the University of Oñate, he completed a translation of Ovid's Heroides. In 1804 he printed his Humorous stories in different Castilian meters (Valencia, 1804) and moved to Cadiz to run the family business. There he created a dramatic translation of Picard's The puppets, or what can interest from the French (Cadiz, Quintana printing press, 1807), and learned Italian, English and Portuguese. He contributed to El Redactor General newspaper giving his opinions. He frequented the Café de la Esperanza 'tertulia' and, between 1811 and 1813, he wrote for El Diario Mercantil under the initials P.J and C .; The few collaborations of 1813 derive from his trip to La Coruña, where he had some refugee friends like Valentín de Foronda and Marcelino Calero, or intellectuals like Manuel Pardo de Andrade, coinciding with the writing of El Ciudadano por la Constitución. In his pages, as in the Cadiz journals, Jérica opted for an ideological combat poetry that would change the traditional mentality of the people attacking servility and the Inquisition. In La Coruña, Jérica became secretary of the Board of Censorship and Protection of the Freedom of Printing since November 1813. In early March of the following year he returned to his hometown and wrote for the Correo de Vitoria.
The persecution of the liberals that undid the Manifesto of the Persians brought about a first trial for his activities in La Coruna, sentenced to exile in Melilla for ten years and one day. A second trial, initiated by the publication of some articles in the Correo de Vitoria, sentenced him to six years of imprisonment in Pamplona. Nevertheless, he could escape from both sentences by hiding in Deva and fleeing later to Dax (France); Also his Ensayos poéticos (Valencia, 1814), contained some stories that had published in 1804 and were prohibited by the Inquisition. The Kingdom of Spain sent out constant requests for return in 1814, considering hima state prisoner; The French police themselves claimed it in 1817, when he resided in Bayonne (France). He was imprisoned on several occasions and finally released in Pau.
Returning to his native city when the Trienio Liberal (1820-1823) made it possible, he was commander of the Constitutional Volunteers, a member of the Censorship Board of the Provincial Council of Álava and finally, in 1823, constitutional mayor of Vitoria, which, after the invasion of the "Hundred Thousand Sons of Saint Louis" (1823) imposed a new arrest to him and exile to France. Becoming a naturalized Frenchman, he married Victoria de Caubotte, daughter of the Baroness of Castelnau, with whom he would have four children, and settled in Dax, where he remained to busy himself in writing: he published a Collection of stories, fables, descriptions, anecdotes, Selected dialogues (Bordeaux, 1831), culled from various Baroque comedies, as well as an instructive and entertaining Miscellany (Bordeaux, 1836) and Letrillas and Fables (Bordeaux, 1837) where he gathered the satirical work done in verse during his time as a journalist.
Jérica uses irony, satire and a great skill for the caricature, as well as costumbrismo art, not to entertain a reader who has no other requirement than to fill his leisure time, but to introduce his message of liberal revolution, hence his apparent inclination to festive literature. He was most prolific in the genre of the epigram in verse: