Christianity is the predominant religion in Slovakia. The majority (62%) of Slovaks belong to the Latin Church of the Catholic Church; with the addition of a further 4% of Greek (Byzantine) Catholics, all Catholics account for 66%. Members of a Protestant denomination, mainly Lutheran or Reformed, account for 9%. Members of other churches, including those non-registered, account for 1.1% of the population. The Eastern Orthodox Christians are mostly found in Ruthenian (Rusyns) areas. The Catholic Church divides the country into 8 dioceses including 3 archdioceses in two different provinces. The Slovak Greek Catholic Church is a Metropolitan sui iuris Church with three Eparchies in Slovakia and one in Canada. Generally about one third of church members regularly attend church services. The religious situation is dramatically different from that in the neighbouring Czech Republic, which is notable for its atheist or irreligious majority.
Other religions practiced in Slovakia include Bahá'í Faith, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism. There are 18 registered churches and religions. There were an estimated 0.2% Muslims in Slovakia in 2010. While the country had an estimated pre-World War II Jewish population of 90,000, only about 2,300 Jews remain today. In 2010, there were an estimated 5,000 Muslims in Slovakia representing less than 0.1% of the country's population.
In 2016, Slovak parliament passed a bill that requires all religious movements and organizations to have a minimum of 50,000 verified practicing members in order to become state-recognized. The bill has been both well-received, as a method of curbing potentially dangerous and abusive new religious movements and criticized for favoring Christianity and breaching the ideal of state secularism. The law passed by a two-third majority in the parliament.
|Catholic Church in Slovakia||3,347,277||62.0%|
|Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Slovakia||372,858||5.9%|
|Slovak Greek Catholic Church||206,871||3.8%|
|Reformed Christian Church||98,797||1.8%|
|Czech and Slovak Orthodox Church||49,133||0.9%|
|Evangelical Methodist Church||10,328||0.2%|
|Source: Slovakia census 2011 |
Additionally, there are smaller numbers of adherents of various other Christian denominations: Baptists, The Brethren Church, Seventh-day Adventists, Apostolic Church, Evangelical Methodist, Old Catholic Church, Scientologists,Christian Corps in Slovakia, and the Czechoslovak Hussite Church. The largest pagan group in Slovakia is Krug Peruna. Moreover, it has members not only in Bratislava (its headquarters) but also in other cities such as Martin and Ko?ice.