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Originated by Suika Shinto by ?gimachi Kinmichi's (1653-1733) transmission to the sovereign and court retainers. In 1680 Kinmichi presented a Shinto oath to Yamazaki Ansai, taking up a full-scale study of Suika Shinto.
Buddhist Shint? (Bukka Shint?) created in the Edo period by Ch?on D? kai (1628-1695) and further developed by J?in (1683-1739).
Rit? Shinchi Shint?
Created by Confucian scholar Hayashi Razan (1583-1657). Razan was the only Confucian scholar officially employed by the Tokugawa government.
Shugend? and its practitioners, shugen, teaches the attainment of supranormal, magico-religious power through ascetic activities in the mountains. It was submissive to Buddhism for some time, later dividing into sects with more or less Buddhist or Koshint? influence.
Created by Yamazaki Ansai, a Confucian-Shintoist of the early Edo period.
Founded by Prince Sh?toku (Sh?toku Taishi, 574-622) and unifying Shint?, Confucianism, and Buddhism (sanky? itchi).
Created by the head court diviner Tsuchimikado Yasutomi. Yasutomi integrated the astrological and calendrical theories transmitted by the Onmy?d? specialists of the Abe clan.
Created by Kamo no Norikiyo (a.k.a. Umetsuji no Norikiyo, 1798-1862). Norikiyo developed his teachings on the basis of the Shinto transmissions at the shrine of Kamo wake Ikazuchi Jinja.
Founded by Shingon monk Jiun Onk? (1718-1804). It is also known as Katsuragi Shint? because Jiun lived on Mt. Katsuragi. It integrates esoteric Buddhism, siddham (Sanskrit philology), and Zen, as well as Confucianism and Shinto.
Founded by Yoshida Kanetomo (1435-1511), who called his tradition yuiitsu shint? ("only-one Shint?"). His adherents and Yoshida Shrine, until the end of the Edo period, retained the right to award ranks to all shrines and priests except for a few associated with the Imperial family.
Two main types of Shinto-inspired religion have emerged in modern times: Sect Shinto (ky?ha Shint?) and "Shinto-derived new religions" (Shint?kei shinsh?ky?). A concise list of these new religions and their founders, according to authoritative sources (see References), is given below:
One of the thirteen sects of prewar Shint?. It was organized by Shishino Nakaba (1844-84) based on the mountain cult to Mount Fuji (Fuji shink?) founded by Hasegawa Kakugy? (1541?-1646?).
Founded by Senge Takatomi (1845-1918) and one of the original thirteen pre-war sects of Shinto.
One of the thirteen sects of pre-war Shinto. Based on Fujid?, founded by Hasegawa Kakugy? (born in Nagasaki, 1541-1646). A mountain cult focused on Mount Fuji (Fuji shink?).
Founded by Ishikawa Sen (1886-1961), who declared to be possessed (kamigakari) by a spirit.
Hachidai Ryjin Hakk? Seidan
Founded by Demura Ry?sei (1926- ).
Founded by Ogawa K?ichir? (1919-80).
Hi no Oshie
Teaching of the Sun. Founded by Sakuma Nikk? (1884-1954) (Nikk? means "sun-light").
Derived from ?moto. Founded by painter Okamoto Tenmei (1897-1963).
Hizuki no Miya
Founded by Fujimoto Toshinari (1930-1989). The founding of the religion is dated from January 11, 1956, when Fujimoto received a revelation from the kamiAmaterasu ?mikami.
A group from Tenriky? lineage. Founded by ?nishi Tama (1916-1969), the group originated in 1961 within Honmichi as the Tenri Mirokukai (Tenri Miroku Association) and later seceded.
Founded by ?nishi Aijir? (1881-1958) a teacher in Tenriky?.
Founded by Takayasu Ry?sen (1934-) as an Okinawan religion.
Founded by Hashiguchi Reizui (1879-1963).
Izumo Shin'y? Ky?kai
Founded in 1968 by Hosoya Seiko (1927-) after she had practiced austerities in Izumo, Nara and Eiheiji.
This is a religion reminiscent of sectarian Shinto (Ky?ha Shint?). It was started by Kitajima Naganori (1834-93).
Lineage of Sekai Ky?seiky?, founded by Katsunuma Hisako (1927-).
With characteristics of sect Shinto (ky?ha Shint?) and founded by Urata Nagatami and others.
Kakushin Sh?ky? Nipponky?
Originated in 1940, when the "Father-deity Kotoshironushi no ?kami" descended upon Chitose Makami (1879-1986).
Founded by Mizuno Fusa (1883-1970).
Founded in 1928 by the sculptor of Buddhist images Hayashi Shik? (1901-88). Shik? claimed that a golden sphere with the form of a "nine-star divination pattern" came floating towards him, after which he began to engage in spiritual healing.
Founded by the Shinto priest Kuwabara Yachio (1910-) after World War II.
Founded by Masai Yoshimitsu (1907-1970), and known for its claim to be related to the tradition of "ancient Shinto" (Koshint?).
K?so K?tai Jing? Amatsuky?
Founded by Takeuchi Kiyomaro (also ?maro) (1874-1965) based on an ancient text known as the "Takeuchi document'" (Takeuchi monjo).
Founded by ?nishi Masajir? (1913-88) after receiving a dream oracle from the deity Benzaiten (Sanskrit Sarasvati) during a dream in 1954.
Resulting from the merging of four branches of Sekai Ky?seiky?, it began its activities in 1955 after the death of the founder of Sekai Ky?seiky?, Okada M?kichi (1882-1955).
Makoto no Michi
Founded by Ogiwara Makoto (1910-81) who experienced paranormal powers since before World War II.
Makoto no Michiky?
Founded by Matsumoto J?tar? (September 1881-1944).
Founded by It? Rokurobei (1829-94).
Founded by Sakata Yasuhiro (1962-).
Founded by Nagata Fuku (1891-1975).
Founded by Miyaji Suii (known as Kakiwa, 1852-1904) and with strong Taoist influence.
Nihon Jing? Honch?
Founded by Nakajima Sh?k? (1902-88) who was deeply interested in the study of the traditional calendar (rekigaku) and the theory of five phases of matter (gogy?).
Nihon Seid? Ky?dan
Founded by Iwasaki Sh (1934-) who had a mystical experience while in a coma.
Founded by Teraguchi K?jir? (1881-1960).
Founded by Yamada Baijir? (1875-1941), a Tenriky? teacher.
Derived from the lineages of ?moto and Sekai Ky?seiky?, founded by K?tama Okada (Sukuinushisama) (1901-74) on August 28, 1959 and established as a registered religious organisation on 1978 by Mr Okada's daughter Sachiko Keishu Okada (Oshienushisama), (1929- ).
Founded by Onikura Taruhiko after having experienced possession (kamigakari) by a deity around 1919.
Founded by Tanaka Morihei (1884-1928) who was said to have acquired a kind of supranormal power (reishiryoku) after a four-month ascetic seclusion in the mountains.
Emerged from Yamatoky?, founded by Hozumi Kenk? (1913-76) and his wife Hisako (1908-2003).
Founded by the spirit medium Motoyama Kinue (1909-74).
Founded by Hachiro Fukuji (1899-1962) who experienced the ability to converse with a spirit, and thereafter received visitations from various deities.
Founded by Uozumi Masanobu (1852-1928).
Founded by Naniwa Hisakazu (1902-84).
Founded by Ishiguro J? (1908- ).
Founded by Kuramoto Ito (1895-1985).
Founded by Fujita Shinsh? (?-1966) who received at age nineteen a revelation from a deity he called Tenchikane no kami ("heaven-earth gold deity").
Founded by Nakayama Miki, who received revelations from a deity she called Tenri-O-no-Mikoto.
Founded by Iwanaga Kayoko (1934-).
Tensenku Monky? (Tendan)
Known locally as Tinsinkun Munchu (Tinkha), emerged from ancient Shint? (Koshint?) in the southern Ryukyu islands.
Tensha Tsuchimikado Shint? Honch?
Inspired in Tsuchimikado Shint? (Tensha Shint?).
Founded by Shimada Seiichi (1896-1985).
Founded by Tamura Reish? (1890-1968) who received the revelation of Kami on April 3, 1927. [permanent dead link] While working in the office of the Governor-General of Korea, Reish? studied the Daoistic magical arts transmitted in Korea since ancient times.
Tenshinky? Shin'y?den Ky?kai
Founded by Kamiide Fusae (1922-1980) who had a sudden experience of spirit possession (kamigakari) in 1958.
There may be some Shinto schools and sects, that even having a structure and followers, are not included in authoritative publications. This may be because of their small size and influence, fairly unknown presence or practices, or because those schools are new branches from older schools and still considered within their structure.
^MacKenzie, Donald A (2005). Myth of China and Japan. London, UK: Kessinger Publishing. p. 387. ISBN978-1-4179-6429-1.