Timeline of Clothing and Textiles Technology
Get Timeline of Clothing and Textiles Technology essential facts below. View Videos or join the Timeline of Clothing and Textiles Technology discussion. Add Timeline of Clothing and Textiles Technology to your Like2do.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Timeline of Clothing and Textiles Technology

This timeline of clothing and textiles technology covers the events of fiber and flexible woven material worn on the body; including making, modification, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, crafts, and systems (technology).

Historical timeline

Ancient and Prehistoric

Medieval history

  • 500 AD - jia xie method for resist dyeing (usually silk) using wood blocks invented in China. An upper and a lower block is made, with carved out compartments opening to the back, fitted with plugs. The cloth, usually folded a number of times, is inserted and clamped between the two blocks. By unplugging the different compartments and filling them with dyes of different colors, a multi-colored pattern can be printed over quite a large area of folded cloth.[9]
  • 500s - Handheld roller cotton gins invented in the Indian subcontinent.[11]
  • 500-1000 - Spinning wheel invented in the Indian subcontinent.[12]
  • 600s - Oldest samples of cloth printed by woodblock printing from Egypt.
  • 1000s - Finely decorated examples of cotton socks made by true knitting using continuous thread appear in Egypt.[4]
  • 1000s - The earliest clear illustrations of the spinning wheel come from the Islamic world.[13]
  • 1100s-1300s - Dual-roller cotton gins appear in India and China.[14]
  • 1275 - Approximate date of a silk burial cushion knit in two colors found in the tomb of Spanish royalty.
  • 1200s-1300s - The worm gear roller cotton gin invented in the Indian subcontinent during the early Delhi Sultanate era.[15]
  • 1493 - The first available reference to lace is in a will by one of the ruling Milanese Sforza family.[16]
  • 1400s-1500s - The incorporation of the crank handle in the cotton gin, first appeared in the Indian subcontinent some time during the late Delhi Sultanate or the early Mughal Empire.[17]
  • 1562 - Date of first example of use of the purl stitch, from a tomb in Toledo, Spain, which allows knitting of panels of material. Previously material had to be knitted in the round (in a tubular form) and cut open.
  • 1589 - William Lee invents stocking frame, the first but hand-operated weft knitting machine.

Modern era

Early modern period

Late modern period

  • 1833 - Walter Hunt invents the lockstitch sewing machine but, dissatisfied with its function, does not patent it.
  • 1842 - Lancashire Loom developed by Bullough and Kenworthy, a semi automatic Power loom.
  • 1842 - John Greenough patents the first sewing machine in the United States.
  • 1846 - John Livesey adapts John Heathcoat's bobbinet machine into the curtain machine
  • 1847 - William Mason Patents his "Mason self-acting" Mule.
  • 1849 - Matthew Townsend patents the variant of latch needle which has been the most widely used needle in weft knitting machines.
  • 1855 - Redgate combines a circular loom with a warp knitting machine
  • 1856 - William Henry Perkin invents the first synthetic dye.
  • 1856 - Thomas Jeacock of Leicester patented the tubular pipe compound needle.
  • 1857 - Luke Barton introduces a self-acting narrowing mechanism on S. Wise's knitting machine.
  • 1857 - Arthur Paget patents a multi-head knitting machine called "Paget-machine".
  • 1859 - Wilhelm Barfuss improves on Redgates machine, called Raschel machines (named after the French actress Élisabeth Félice Rachel).
  • 1864 - William Cotton patents the straight bar knitting machine named after him ("Cotton machine").
  • 1865 - The American Isaac Wixom Lamb patents the flat knitting machine using latch needles.
  • 1865 - Clay invents the double-headed latch needle which has enabled to create purl stitch knitting.
  • 1866 - The American Mac Nary patents the circular knitting machine (with vertical needles) for fabrication of socks and stockings with heel and toe pouches.
  • 1878 - Henry Griswold adds a second set of needles (horizontal needles) to the circular knitting machine enabling knitting of rib fabrics as cuff for socks.
  • 1881 - Pierre Durand invents the tubular pipe compound needle.
  • 1892 - Cross, Bevan & Beadle invent Viscose.
  • 1890s - Development of the Barmen machine


See also


  1. ^ a b Lambert, Joseph B. (2008-08-06). Traces of the Past: Unraveling the Secrets of Archaeology Through Chemistry. Basic Books. ISBN 0786725737.
  2. ^ a b c Cambridge History of Western Textiles p. 39-47
  3. ^ Barber 1991.
  4. ^ a b Theaker 2006.
  5. ^ Cambridge History of Western Textiles p. 30-39
  6. ^ Bender 1990.
  7. ^ Roche, Julian (1994). The International Cotton Trade. Cambridge, England: Woodhead Publishing Ltd. p. 5.
  8. ^ Bennett & Bird 1960.
  9. ^ a b Shelagh Vainker in Anne Farrer (ed), "Caves of the Thousand Buddhas", 1990, British Museum publications, ISBN 0-7141-1447-2
  10. ^ D.L.Carroll Dating the Foot-powered loom: the Coptic evidence American Journal of Archaeology 1985 vol. 89; 168-73
  11. ^ Lakwete, Angela (2003). Inventing the Cotton Gin: Machine and Myth in Antebellum America. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 1-6. ISBN 9780801873942.
  12. ^ Smith, C. Wayne; Cothren, J. Tom (1999). Cotton: Origin, History, Technology, and Production. 4. John Wiley & Sons. pp. viii. ISBN 978-0471180456. The first improvement in spinning technology was the spinning wheel, which was invented in India between 500 and 1000 A.D.
  13. ^ Pacey, Arnold (1991) [1990]. Technology in World Civilization: A Thousand-Year History (First MIT Press paperback ed.). Cambridge MA: The MIT Press.
  14. ^ Baber, Zaheer (1996). The Science of Empire: Scientific Knowledge, Civilization, and Colonial Rule in India. Albany: State University of New York Press. p. 57. ISBN 0-7914-2919-9.
  15. ^ Irfan Habib (2011), Economic History of Medieval India, 1200-1500, page 53, Pearson Education
  16. ^ Reigate, Emily (1986). An Illustrated Guide to Lace (1988 ed.). WoodBridge, Suffolk: Antique Collectors Club. p. 11. ISBN 1851490035.
  17. ^ Irfan Habib (2011), Economic History of Medieval India, 1200-1500, pages 53-54, Pearson Education


  • Barber, E. J. W.; Prehistoric Textiles: The Development of Cloth in the Neolithic and Bronze Ages with special reference to the Aegean; Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, 1991; ISBN 0-691-03597-0 (Barber 1991)
  • Barber, Elizabeth Wayland, Women's Work: The First 20,000 Years: Women, Cloth, and Society in Early Times, W. W. Norton & Company, new edition, 1995 (Barber 1995)
  • Bender Jørgensen, Lise; 'Stone-Age Textiles in North Europe' in Textiles in Northern Archaeology, Textile Symposium in York, North European Symposium for Archaeological Textiles Monograph 3, NESAT III; London Archetype Publications, 1990; ISBN 1-873132-05-0.
  • Bennett, Wendell C. & Bird, Junius B.; Andean Culture History; Handbook Series No. 15; second and revised edition; ©The American Museum of Natural History; A publication of the Anthropological Handbook Fund, New York, 1960
  • Jenkins, David, ed.: The Cambridge History of Western Textiles, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2003, ISBN 0-521-34107-8
  • Theaker, Julie. 'History 101' in www.knitty.com
  • Offermann Peter, Tausch-Marton, Harald: Grundlagen der Maschenwarentechnologie. VEB Fachbuchverlag, Leipzig, 1978
  • Spencer, J. David: Knitting Technology. Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1983. ISBN 0-08-024763-6
  • Modig, Niels.: Hosiery Machines. Meisenbach, Bamberg, 1988. ISBN 3-87525-048-6

Further reading

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Top US Cities

Like2do.com was developed using defaultLogic.com's knowledge management platform. It allows users to manage learning and research. Visit defaultLogic's other partner sites below:
PopFlock.com : Music Genres | Musicians | Musical Instruments | Music Industry