United States Presidential Election in New York, 1976
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United States Presidential Election in New York, 1976
United States presidential election in New York, 1976

← 1972 November 2, 1976 1980 →
  Carter cropped.jpg Gerald Ford, official Presidential photo.jpg
Nominee Jimmy Carter Gerald Ford
Party Democratic Republican
Home state Georgia Michigan
Running mate Walter Mondale Bob Dole
Electoral vote 41 0
Popular vote 3,389,558 3,100,791
Percentage 51.95% 47.52%

New york presidential results 1976.svg
County Results
  Carter--70-80%
  Carter--60-70%
  Carter--50-60%
  Ford--50-60%
  Ford--60-70%

President before election

Gerald Ford
Republican

Elected President

Jimmy Carter
Democratic

President Carter shakes hands with residents of Bronx, NYC, shortly after being elected.
President Ford's initial refusal to grant a federal bailout to a nearly bankrupt New York City in 1975 sparked infamous headlines damaging Ford's reputation in the city, possibly contributing to his poor performance there in the 1976 election.

The 1976 United States presidential election in New York took place on November 2, 1976. All 50 states and The District of Columbia, were part of the 1976 United States presidential election. New York voters chose forty one electors to the Electoral College, which voted for President and Vice President.

New York was won by Democratic Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter, in a narrow victory against incumbent Republican President Gerald Ford, who failed to gain the presidency through formal election that year. Carter was running with Minnesota Senator Walter Mondale, and President Ford had selected Kansas Congressman Bob Dole.

Carter took 51.95 percent of the popular vote to Ford's 47.52 percent, a victory margin of 4.43 percent.

New York weighed in as being slightly more Democratic than the national average, by about 2%. The vast majority of counties in New York were won by the more conservative Ford, but the highly populated regions of New York City, Buffalo, and Albany were able to tip the scales for the more progressive Carter.

The presidential election of 1976 was a very partisan election, with more than 99 percent of the electorate voting either Republican or Democrat.[1] Also, this election marks the first time that New York was won by a presidential candidate from the Deep South in over 100 years. The last time that a candidate from the Deep South carried the vote in this State, it was Zachary Taylor, who was elected under the US. Whig Party in 1848. Another reason why Carter (a relatively inexperienced politician at the time of the 1976 election)[2] was able to attain victory in New York, and generally, was because of the residual distaste for the Ford Administration due to the 1974 Watergate Scandal, which resulted in the resignation of then President Richard Nixon, who was succeeded by Ford.

Despite Ford being a Northern moderate, the Southerner Carter won commanding victories over Ford in four of the five boroughs of New York City. Carter broke 70% of the vote in Manhattan and the Bronx, and received over 60% of the vote in Brooklyn and Queens. Overall Carter took a citywide vote total of 66.37%, up to that point the third highest vote share ever received by a Democratic presidential candidate in New York City, surpassed only by the nationwide landslide victories of Lyndon Johnson in 1964 and Franklin Roosevelt in 1936, despite the fact that Carter was only winning a narrow 2-point victory nationwide. The massive raw vote margin in New York City provided all of Carter's narrow margin of victory in New York State. One reason for Ford's unusually weak performance in the city may have been his initial refusal to grant the nearly bankrupt city a federal bailout in 1975, sparking the infamous New York Daily News headline "Ford to City: Drop Dead."[3] While Ford ultimately would extend federal loans to the city to prevent it from falling into bankruptcy, the damage to Ford's reputation in New York City may have contributed to his poor performance in the city and his narrow loss of the state overall.

Even though Ford won an overwhelming majority of New York State's counties, Carter's landslide in massively populated New York City provided all of Carter's statewide victory margin over Ford. The 5 boroughs provided Carter with a citywide vote advantage over Ford of 716,717 votes, more than twice Carter's statewide victory margin of 288,767 votes.

Carter's victory in New York was a key to his winning this election. Had Ford carried the state instead, along with all the other states he won, he would have been elected instead with an Electoral College victory of 281 to 256.

The 1976 Democratic National Convention was held at Madison Square Garden in New York City, in August 1976. At the convention, electors and delegates met for 3 days in New York City before formally nominating Carter to run for the presidency.

Results

United States presidential election in New York, 1976
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Democratic Jimmy Carter 3,244,165 49.72%
Liberal Jimmy Carter 145,393 2.23%
Total Jimmy Carter 3,389,558 51.95% 41
Republican Gerald Ford 2,825,913 43.31%
Conservative Gerald Ford 274,878 4.21%
Total Gerald Ford 3,100,791 47.52% 0
Free Libertarian Roger MacBride 12,197 0.19% 0
Communist Gus Hall 10,270 0.16% 0
Socialist Workers Peter Camejo 6,996 0.11% 0
U.S. Labor Lyndon LaRouche 5,413 0.08% 0
Totals 6,525,225 100.0% 41

Results by county

James Earl Carter
Democratic
Gerald Rudolph Ford
Republican
Various candidates
Other parties
Margin Total votes cast
County # % # % # % # % #
Albany 71,616 50.29% 69,592 48.87% 1,201 0.84% 2,024 1.42% 142,409
Allegany 6,134 34.06% 11,769 65.35% 107 0.59% -5,635 -31.29% 18,010
Bronx 238,786 70.77% 96,842 28.70% 1,763 0.52% 141,944 42.07% 337,391
Broome 39,827 43.93% 50,340 55.53% 491 0.54% -10,513 -11.60% 90,658
Cattaraugus 13,768 41.19% 19,469 58.25% 185 0.55% -5,701 -17.06% 33,422
Cayuga 13,348 40.03% 19,775 59.31% 220 0.66% -6,427 -19.28% 33,343
Chautauqua 27,447 44.68% 33,730 54.90% 259 0.42% -6,283 -10.23% 61,436
Chemung 17,207 45.25% 20,640 54.28% 179 0.47% -3,433 -9.03% 38,026
Chenango 7,356 37.08% 12,384 62.43% 97 0.49% -5,028 -25.35% 19,837
Clinton 11,555 42.63% 15,433 56.94% 115 0.42% -3,878 -14.31% 27,103
Columbia 10,514 39.56% 15,871 59.72% 189 0.71% -5,357 -20.16% 26,574
Cortland 6,947 37.96% 11,222 61.32% 131 0.72% -4,275 -23.36% 18,300
Delaware 7,254 36.59% 12,443 62.76% 130 0.66% -5,189 -26.17% 19,827
Dutchess 37,531 41.65% 51,312 56.94% 1,268 1.41% -13,781 -15.29% 90,111
Erie 229,397 50.66% 220,310 48.65% 3,136 0.69% 9,087 2.01% 452,843
Essex 6,556 38.97% 10,194 60.59% 74 0.44% -3,638 -21.62% 16,824
Franklin 7,248 44.87% 8,846 54.77% 58 0.36% -1,598 -9.89% 16,152
Fulton 9,323 43.10% 12,161 56.23% 145 0.67% -2,838 -13.12% 21,629
Genesee 10,803 42.30% 14,567 57.04% 166 0.65% -3,764 -14.74% 25,536
Greene 7,740 40.18% 11,370 59.02% 154 0.80% -3,630 -18.84% 19,264
Hamilton 1,052 31.22% 2,306 68.43% 12 0.36% -1,254 -37.21% 3,370
Herkimer 12,875 45.37% 15,362 54.14% 140 0.49% -2,487 -8.76% 28,377
Jefferson 13,503 39.68% 20,401 59.95% 124 0.36% -6,898 -20.27% 34,028
Kings (Brooklyn) 419,382 68.34% 190,728 31.08% 3,533 0.58% 228,654 37.26% 613,643
Lewis 3,764 39.07% 5,840 60.62% 29 0.30% -2,076 -21.55% 9,633
Livingston 9,629 40.43% 14,044 58.96% 146 0.61% -4,415 -18.54% 23,819
Madison 8,822 35.87% 15,674 63.74% 95 0.39% -6,852 -27.86% 24,591
Monroe 134,739 44.40% 167,303 55.14% 1,392 0.46% -32,564 -10.73% 303,434
Montgomery 11,271 45.57% 13,281 53.70% 182 0.74% -2,010 -8.13% 24,734
Nassau 302,869 47.64% 329,176 51.78% 3,711 0.58% -26,307 -4.14% 635,756
New York (Manhattan) 337,438 73.22% 117,702 25.54% 5,698 1.24% 219,736 47.68% 460,838
Niagara 43,667 48.39% 46,101 51.09% 471 0.52% -2,434 -2.70% 90,239
Oneida 47,779 45.08% 57,655 54.40% 554 0.52% -9,876 -9.32% 105,988
Onondaga 76,097 39.51% 115,474 59.96% 1,007 0.52% -39,377 -20.45% 192,578
Ontario 14,044 39.63% 21,118 59.59% 279 0.79% -7,074 -19.96% 35,441
Orange 40,362 44.51% 49,685 54.80% 626 0.69% -9,323 -10.28% 90,673
Orleans 5,927 39.45% 8,994 59.87% 102 0.68% -3,067 -20.42% 15,023
Oswego 16,332 40.36% 23,949 59.19% 182 0.45% -7,617 -18.82% 40,463
Otsego 9,787 39.54% 14,796 59.77% 171 0.69% -5,009 -20.24% 24,754
Putnam 11,963 38.95% 18,523 60.31% 225 0.73% -6,560 -21.36% 30,711
Queens 379,907 60.54% 244,396 38.95% 3,200 0.51% 135,511 21.60% 627,503
Rensselaer 28,979 41.60% 40,229 57.76% 445 0.64% -11,250 -16.15% 69,653
Richmond (Staten Island) 47,867 45.45% 56,995 54.11% 464 0.44% -9,128 -8.67% 105,326
Rockland 48,673 47.93% 52,087 51.30% 780 0.77% -3,414 -3.36% 101,540
St. Lawrence 17,503 43.83% 22,249 55.71% 182 0.46% -4,746 -11.88% 39,934
Saratoga 23,768 38.04% 38,296 61.29% 422 0.68% -14,528 -23.25% 62,486
Schenectady 31,838 42.60% 40,789 54.58% 2,105 2.82% -8,951 -11.98% 74,732
Schoharie 5,250 41.95% 7,154 57.16% 111 0.89% -1,904 -15.21% 12,515
Schuyler 2,885 40.13% 4,267 59.35% 37 0.51% -1,382 -19.22% 7,189
Seneca 5,745 42.53% 7,659 56.70% 104 0.77% -1,914 -14.17% 13,508
Steuben 14,685 38.63% 23,164 60.93% 166 0.44% -8,479 -22.30% 38,015
Suffolk 208,263 45.27% 248,908 54.10% 2,877 0.63% -40,645 -8.83% 460,048
Sullivan 14,189 50.50% 13,709 48.79% 198 0.70% 480 1.71% 28,096
Tioga 6,969 36.89% 11,824 62.58% 100 0.53% -4,855 -25.70% 18,893
Tompkins 12,808 44.67% 15,463 53.93% 400 1.40% -2,655 -9.26% 28,671
Ulster 30,190 45.64% 35,353 53.44% 610 0.92% -5,163 -7.80% 66,153
Warren 7,264 33.15% 14,548 66.39% 100 0.46% -7,284 -33.24% 21,912
Washington 7,262 34.06% 13,946 65.40% 116 0.54% -6,684 -31.34% 21,324
Wayne 12,061 38.22% 19,324 61.24% 172 0.55% -7,263 -23.02% 31,557
Westchester 173,153 45.06% 208,527 54.26% 2,616 0.68% -35,374 -9.20% 384,296
Wyoming 5,737 36.92% 9,726 62.59% 76 0.49% -3,989 -25.67% 15,539
Yates 2,903 33.21% 5,796 66.30% 43 0.49% -2,893 -33.09% 8,742
Totals 3,389,558 51.87% 3,100,791 47.45% 44,071 0.67% 288,767 4.42% 6,534,420

See also

References

  1. ^ "1976 Presidential General Election Results -- New York". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Election of 1976: A Political Outsider Prevails. C-SPAN. Retrieved on 2013-07-09.
  3. ^ Van Riper, Frank (October 30, 1975). "Ford to New York: Drop Dead". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on October 6, 2008. Retrieved 2014.

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