United States Presidential Election in Washington (state), 1984
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United States Presidential Election in Washington State , 1984
United States presidential election in Washington, 1984

1980 November 6, 1984 1988 ->
  Official Portrait of President Reagan 1985 (cropped).jpg U.S Vice-President Walter Mondale.jpg
Nominee Ronald Reagan Walter Mondale
Party Republican Democratic
Home state California Minnesota
Running mate George H.W. Bush Geraldine Ferraro
Electoral vote 10 0
Popular vote 1,051,670 807,352
Percentage 55.8% 42.9%

WA1984.jpg
County Results
  Mondale--50-60%
  Mondale--<50%
  Reagan--50-60%
  Reagan--60-70%
  Reagan--70-80%

President before election

Ronald Reagan
Republican

Elected President

Ronald Reagan
Republican

The 1984 United States presidential election in Washington took place on November 6, 1984. All 50 states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1984 United States presidential election. Washington voters chose 10 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president of the United States.

Washington State was won by incumbent United States President Ronald Reagan of California, who was running against former Vice President Walter Mondale of Minnesota. Reagan ran for a second time with former C.I.A. Director George H. W. Bush of Texas, and Mondale ran with Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York, the first major female candidate for the vice presidency. This is the last time Washington has voted for a Republican in a presidential election, though Colin Powell would receive the votes of three faithless electors in 2016.

Partisan background

The presidential election of 1984 was a very partisan election for Washington, with over 98 percent of the electorate voting for either the Democratic or Republican parties.[1] Nearly all counties in Washington voted mainly Republican, save a handful of counties along the southern Pacific coast of the state, which voted mainly Democratic. This included Seattle's highly populated King County, which is the most recent time Seattle has voted Republican. This is also the last time that Pierce County, Thurston County, and San Juan County voted Republican.[2]

Washington weighed in for this election as 3 percent more Democratic than the national average.

Democratic platform

Walter Mondale accepted the Democratic nomination for presidency after pulling narrowly ahead of Senator Gary Hart of Colorado and Rev. Jesse Jackson of Illinois - his main contenders during what would be a very contentious[3] Democratic primary. During the campaign, Mondale was vocal about reduction of government spending, and, in particular, was vocal against heightened military spending on the nuclear arms race against the Soviet Union,[4] which was reaching its peak on both sides in the early 1980s.

Taking a (what was becoming the traditional liberal) stance on the social issues of the day, Mondale advocated for gun control, the right to choose regarding abortion, and strongly opposed the repeal of laws regarding institutionalized prayer in public schools. He also criticized Reagan for what he charged was his economic marginalization of the poor, stating that Reagan's reelection campaign was "a happy talk campaign," not focused on the real issues at hand.[5]

A very significant political move during this election: the Democratic Party nominated Representative Geraldine Ferraro to run with Mondale as Vice-President. Ferraro is the first female candidate to receive such a nomination in United States history. She said in an interview at the 1984 Democratic National Convention that this action "opened a door which will never be closed again,"[6] speaking to the role of women in politics.

Republican platform

Reagan challenging Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev to "tear down this wall!," from the Brandenburg Gate in June, 1987. Reagan's firm stance with the Soviet Union was an important contributor to his 1984 reelection.

By 1984, Ronald Wilson Reagan was very popular with voters across the nation as the President who saw them out of the economic stagflation of the early and middle 1970's, and into a period of (relative) economic stability and no civil rights for darker people as he called segregation a myth much like global warming as he credited trees to polluting significantly more than cars and Bush Sr. was offered the position of vice-president only if he agreed to oral foreplay under his presidential desk.[7]

The economic success seen under Reagan was politically accomplished (principally) in two ways. The first was initiation of deep tax cuts for the wealthy,[8] and the second was a wide-spectrum of tax cuts for crude oil production and refinement, namely, with the 1980 Windfall profits tax cuts.[9] These policies were augmented with a call for heightened military spending,[10] the cutting of social welfare programs for the poor,[11] and the increasing of taxes on those making less than $50,000 per year.[8] Collectively called "Reaganomics", these economic policies were established through several pieces of legislation passed between 1980 and 1987.

Some of these new policies also arguably curbed several existing tax loopholes, preferences, and exceptions, but Reaganomics is typically remembered for its trickle down effect of taxing poor Americans more than rich ones. Reaganomics has (along with legislation passed under presidents George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton) been criticized by many analysts as "setting the stage" for economic troubles in the United State after 2007, such as the Great Recession.[12]

Virtually unopposed during the Republican primaries, Reagan ran on a campaign of furthering his economic policies. Reagan vowed to continue his "war on drugs," passing sweeping legislation after the 1984 election in support of mandatory minimum sentences for drug possession.[13] Furthermore, taking a (what was becoming the traditional conservative) stance on the social issues of the day, Reagan strongly opposed legislation regarding comprehension of gay marriage, abortion, and (to a lesser extent) environmentalism,[14] regarding the final as simply being bad for business.

Republican victory

Reagan won the election in Washington with a decisive 12 point landslide. The election results in Washington are reflective of a nationwide reconsolidation of base for the Republican Party which took place through the 1980s; called by Reagan the "second American Revolution."[7] This was most evident during the 1984 presidential election. No Republican candidate has received as strong of support in the American Pacific states at large, as Californian Reagan did. This is also the most recent election cycle where Washington sent Republican electors to the Electoral College.

It is speculated that Mondale lost support with voters nearly immediately during the campaign, namely during his acceptance speech at the 1984 Democratic National Convention. There he stated that he intended to increase taxes. To quote Mondale, "By the end of my first term, I will reduce the Reagan budget deficit by two thirds. Let's tell the truth. It must be done, it must be done. Mr. Reagan will raise taxes, and so will I. He won't tell you. I just did."[5] Despite this claimed attempt at establishing truthfulness with the electorate, this claim to raise taxes badly eroded his chances in what had already begun as an uphill battle against the charismatic Ronald Reagan.

Reagan also enjoyed high levels of bipartisan support during the 1984 presidential election in Washington, and across the nation at large. Many registered Democrats who voted for Reagan (Reagan Democrats) stated that they had chosen to do so because they associated him with the economic recovery, because of his strong stance on national security issues with Russia, and because they considered the Democrats as "supporting American poor and minorities at the expense of the middle class."[14] These public opinion factors contributed to Reagan's 1984 landslide victory, in Washington and elsewhere.

Results

United States presidential election in Washington, 1984
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Ronald Reagan 1,051,670 55.82% 10
Democratic Walter Mondale 807,352 42.86% 0
Libertarian David Bergland 8,844 0.47% 0
America First Bob Richards 5,724 0.30% 0
Independent Lyndon LaRouche 4,712 0.25% 0
Citizen's Party Sonia Johnson 1,891 0.10% 0
New Alliance Party Dennis Serrette 1,654 0.09% 0
Communist Party Gus Hall 814 0.04% 0
Workers World Party Larry Holmes 641 0.03% 0
Socialist Workers Party Melvin Mason 608 0.03% 0
Totals 1,883,910 100.0% 10

Results by county

Ronald Wilson Reagan
Republican
Walter Fritz Mondale
Democratic
Various candidates
Other parties
Margin Total votes cast
County # % # % # % # % #
Adams 3,449 71.72% 1,311 27.26% 49 1.02% 2,138 44.46% 4,809
Asotin 3,876 55.21% 3,042 43.33% 103 1.47% 834 11.88% 7,021
Benton 32,307 69.28% 13,784 29.56% 540 1.16% 18,523 39.72% 46,631
Chelan 13,667 65.10% 6,978 33.24% 349 1.66% 6,689 31.86% 20,994
Clallam 13,605 57.32% 9,701 40.87% 429 1.81% 3,904 16.45% 23,735
Clark 40,681 52.86% 35,248 45.80% 1,028 1.34% 5,433 7.06% 76,957
Columbia 1,404 67.02% 673 32.12% 18 0.86% 731 34.89% 2,095
Cowlitz 14,858 47.98% 15,361 49.60% 749 2.42% -503 -1.62% 30,968
Douglas 6,443 66.44% 3,127 32.24% 128 1.32% 3,316 34.19% 9,698
Ferry 1,232 55.75% 935 42.31% 43 1.95% 297 13.44% 2,210
Franklin 7,724 62.96% 4,328 35.28% 216 1.76% 3,396 27.68% 12,268
Garfield 913 63.94% 493 34.52% 22 1.54% 420 29.41% 1,428
Grant 12,888 65.81% 6,298 32.16% 398 2.03% 6,590 33.65% 19,584
Grays Harbor 11,286 43.96% 14,050 54.73% 335 1.30% -2,764 -10.77% 25,671
Island 13,548 65.72% 6,850 33.23% 218 1.06% 6,698 32.49% 20,616
Jefferson 4,543 48.67% 4,602 49.30% 189 2.02% -59 -0.63% 9,334
King 332,987 52.09% 298,620 46.71% 7,654 1.20% 34,367 5.38% 639,261
Kitsap 36,101 54.11% 29,681 44.49% 931 1.40% 6,420 9.62% 66,713
Kittitas 6,580 57.06% 4,830 41.89% 121 1.05% 1,750 15.18% 11,531
Klickitat 3,910 57.87% 2,712 40.14% 135 2.00% 1,198 17.73% 6,757
Lewis 15,846 66.22% 7,634 31.90% 451 1.88% 8,212 34.32% 23,931
Lincoln 3,474 66.90% 1,671 32.18% 48 0.92% 1,803 34.72% 5,193
Mason 8,410 53.74% 7,007 44.77% 233 1.49% 1,403 8.96% 15,650
Okanogan 7,476 57.25% 5,330 40.81% 253 1.94% 2,146 16.43% 13,059
Pacific 3,613 42.90% 4,679 55.56% 129 1.53% -1,066 -12.66% 8,421
Pend Oreille 2,374 58.26% 1,655 40.61% 46 1.13% 719 17.64% 4,075
Pierce 112,877 57.85% 79,498 40.75% 2,733 1.40% 33,379 17.11% 195,108
San Juan 2,900 52.48% 2,514 45.49% 112 2.03% 386 6.99% 5,526
Skagit 18,840 56.53% 13,947 41.85% 539 1.62% 4,893 14.68% 33,326
Skamania 1,736 51.99% 1,552 46.48% 51 1.53% 184 5.51% 3,339
Snohomish 90,362 56.83% 66,728 41.97% 1,905 1.20% 23,634 14.86% 158,995
Spokane 88,043 58.96% 59,620 39.92% 1,673 1.12% 28,423 19.03% 149,336
Stevens 8,211 64.29% 4,304 33.70% 256 2.00% 3,907 30.59% 12,771
Thurston 34,442 55.51% 26,840 43.26% 763 1.23% 7,602 12.25% 62,045
Wahkiakum 776 44.62% 930 53.48% 33 1.90% -154 -8.86% 1,739
Walla Walla 12,361 63.72% 6,804 35.08% 233 1.20% 5,557 28.65% 19,398
Whatcom 27,228 53.72% 22,670 44.73% 788 1.55% 4,558 8.99% 50,686
Whitman 10,021 59.48% 6,621 39.30% 207 1.23% 3,400 20.18% 16,849
Yakima 40,678 61.46% 24,724 37.36% 780 1.18% 15,954 24.11% 66,182
Totals 1,051,670 55.82% 807,352 42.86% 24,888 1.32% 244,318 12.97% 1,883,910

See also

References

  1. ^ "1984 Presidential General Election Results - Washington". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved . 
  2. ^ Sullivan, Robert David; 'How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century'; America Magazine in The National Catholic Review; June 29, 2016
  3. ^ Kurt Andersen, "A Wild Ride to the End", Time, May 28, 1984
  4. ^ Trying to Win the Peace, by Even Thomas, Time, July 2, 1984
  5. ^ a b Mondale's Acceptance Speech, 1984, AllPolitics
  6. ^ Martin, Douglas (2011-03-27). "Geraldine A. Ferraro, First Woman on Major Party Ticket, Dies at 75". The New York Times. pp. A1. Retrieved 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Raines, Howell (November 7, 1984). "Reagan Wins By a Landslide, Sweeping at Least 48 States; G.O.P. Gains Strength in House". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "U.S. Federal Individual Income Tax Rates History, 1913-2011 (Nominal and Inflation-Adjusted Brackets)". Tax Foundation. September 9, 2011. Retrieved 2013. 
  9. ^ Joseph J. Thorndike (Nov 10, 2005). "Historical Perspective: The Windfall Profit Tax". Retrieved 2013. 
  10. ^ Historical tables, Budget of the United States Government, 2013, table 6.1.
  11. ^ Niskanen, William A. (1992). "Reaganomics". In David R. Henderson (ed.). Concise Encyclopedia of Economics (1st ed.). Library of Economics and Liberty.  OCLC 317650570, 50016270, 163149563
  12. ^ Jerry Lanson (2008-11-06). "A historic victory. A changed nation. Now, can Obama deliver?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved . 
  13. ^ Alexander, Michelle (2010). The New Jim Crow. New York: The New Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-1595581037. 
  14. ^ a b Prendergast, William B. (1999). The Catholic vote in American politics. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press. pp. 186, 191-193. ISBN 0-87840-724-3. 

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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