Philosophical and scientific defenses of Indirect Realism and counterarguments to the attacks of qualiaphobes.
Many philosophers and cognitive scientists dismiss the notion of qualia, sensory experiences that are internal to the brain. Leading opponents of qualia (and of Indirect Realism, the philosophical position that has qualia as a central tenet) include Michael Tye, Daniel Dennett, Paul and Patricia Churchland, and even Frank Jackson, a former supporter. Qualiaphiles apparently face the difficulty of establishing philosophical contact with the real when their access to it is seen by qualiaphobes to be second-hand and, worse, hidden behind a "veil of sensation" -- a position that would slide easily into relativism and solipsism, presenting an ethical dilemma. In The Case for Qualia, proponents of qualia defend the Indirect Realist position and mount detailed counterarguments against opposing views.
The book first presents philosophical defenses, with arguments propounding, variously, a new argument from illusion, a sense-datum theory, dualism, "qualia realism," qualia as the "cement" of the experiential world, and "subjective physicalism." Three scientific defenses follow, discussing color, heat, and the link between the external object and the internal representation. Finally, specific criticisms of opposing views include discussions of the Churchlands' "neurophilosophy," answers to Frank Jackson's abandonment of qualia (one of which is titled, in a reference to Jackson's famous thought experiment, "Why Frank Should Not Have Jilted Mary"), and refutations of Transparency Theory.
Contributors: Torin Alter, Michel Bitbol, Harold I. Brown, Mark Crooks, George Graham, C.L. Hardin, Terence E. Horgan, Robert J. Howell, Amy Kind, E.J. Lowe, Riccardo Manzotti, Barry Maund, Martine Nida-RÃ¼melin, John O'Dea, Isabelle Peschard, MatjaÅ¾ Potrc, Diana Raffman, Howard Robinson, William S. Robinson, John R. Smythies, Edmond Wright Edmond Wright is the editor of New Representationalisms: Essays in the Philosophy of Perception and the author of Narrative, Perception, Language, and Faith.
The experience of emotion is a ubiquitous component of the stream of consciousness; emotional qualia interact with other contents and processes of consciousness in complex ways. Recent research has supported the hypothesis that important functional aspects of emotion can operate outside the conscious awareness. Primary types of emotions are found in animals, while secondary, more complex types are involved in interpersonal relationships. Emotions both influence genetic repair mechanisms of individuals and are responsible for group behavior. Many scholars and scientists believe that no scientific or philosophic account of consciousness can be complete without an understanding of the role of emotion.
Now a New York Times Bestseller!Â Â "A riveting and absolutely fascinating adventure that will blow your mind wide open!" âDr. Rudolph E. Tanzi
Deepak Chopra joins forces with leading physicist Menas Kafatos to explore some of the most important and baffling questions about our place in the world.Â Â What happens when modern science reaches a crucial turning point that challenges everything we know about reality? In this brilliant, timely, and practical work, Chopra and Kafatos tell us that we've reached just such a point. In the coming era, the universe will be completely redefined as a "human universe" radically unlike the cold, empty void where human life is barely a speck in the cosmos. Â You Are the UniverseÂ literally means what it says--each of us is a co-creator of reality extending to the vastest reaches of time and space. This seemingly impossible proposition follows from the current state of science, where outside the public eye, some key mysteries cannot be solved, even though they are the very issues that define reality itself: Â What Came Before the Big Bang? Why Does the Universe Fit Together So Perfectly? Where Did Time Come From? What Is the Universe Made Of? Is the Quantum World Linked to Everyday Life? Do We Live in a Conscious Universe? How Did Life First Begin? Â âThe shift into a new paradigm is happening,â the authors write. âThe answers offered in this book are not our invention or eccentric flights of fancy. All of us live in a participatory universe. Once you decide that you want to participate fully with mind, body, and soul, the paradigm shift becomes personal. The reality you inhabit will be yours either to embrace or to change.â What these two great minds offer is a bold, new understanding of who we are and how we can transform the world for the better while reaching our greatest potential.
"The Qualia Engine" is a worthy addition to the long line of superman-in-hiding stories that stretches all the way back to Olaf Stapledon, with notable stops along the wayâ¦ A dense story with a rich nougat vein of well-observed human emotion. âGardner Dozois, Locus Sharply told, very funny at times, and ultimately very powerful. âRich Horton, Locus From the infinite universes of quantum theory to the mysteries of mind and heart, from mythic depths to the end of humanity, Damien Broderick speaks all the voices of SF in a bravura display of storytelling. In this first US collection of his best short stories, the multi-award winning Dean of Australian Science Fiction takes us to a dozen worlds at the limits of imagination. Tactile details are integral to Broderick's work. They offer a window into the minds of his characters. But he won't spoon-feed you. This is fiction that is smart and takes an engaged reader to get all the layers. As you read this book, you'll find that every story is an exploration of a different facet of that most important element of being human. Not just emotions, or pain or even love, but consciousness. Together, this collection creates its own Qualia Engine. âMary Robinette Kowal, winner of the 2008 John W. Campbell Award "This Wind Blowing, and This Tide" is a beautiful story. The speculation is fascinating, but the heart of the story is a single father mourning his dead son (as signaled by the perfect title, taken from Rudyard Kipling). âRich Horton, Locus Making a welcome splash with some fine new stories. âJonathan Strahan, The Best Science Fiction and Fantasy of the Year Table of Contents: Foreword by Mary Robinette Kowal Infinite Monkey SchrÃ¶dingerâs Dog A Tooth for Every Child The Qualia Engine Thy Sting The Meek Requiem in Heaven This Wind Blowing, and This Tide Flowers of Asphodel A Passage in Earth The Ruined Queen of Harvest World Billennium Acknowledgements
The Journey to Qualia takes a strange turn from it being the unique subjective experience of the Mind to its ultimate state of Being. -Mark Megna The time has come for man to set Himself his highest goal. Just As ape became man; so shall man become Overman. -Tony Megna
This collection of papers takes linguists to the leading edge of techniques in generative lexicon theory, the linguistic composition methodology that arose from the imperative to provide a compositional semantics for the contextual modifications in meaning that emerge in real linguistic usage. Todayâs growing shift towards distributed compositional analyses evinces the applicability of GL theory, and the contributions to this volume, presented at three international workshops (GL-2003, GL-2005 and GL-2007) address the relationship between compositionality in language and the mechanisms of selection in grammar that are necessary to maintain this property. The core unresolved issues in compositionality, relating to the interpretation of context and the mechanisms of selection, are treated from varying perspectives within GL theory, including its basic theoretical mechanisms and its analytical viewpoint on linguistic phenomena.
The goal of this volume is to highlight theoretical and methodological advances in cultural neuroscience and the implications of theoretical and empirical advances in cultural neuroscience for philosophy. The study of cultural and biological factors that contribute to human behavior has been an important inquiry for centuries, and recent advances in the field of cultural neuroscience allow for novel insights into how cultural and biological factors shape mind, brain and behavior. Theoretical and empirical advances in cultural neuroscience, which investigate the origins of culture, may shed light on philosophical issues of the mind and science.
This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book.
Gerade die dem Menschen am besten vertraute Tatsache, nÃ¤mlich dass er sich der ihn umgebenden Welt und seiner selbst bewusst ist, stellt ihn auch vor eines der grÃ¶Ãten RÃ¤tsel. Obwohl Philosophie, Natur- und Humanwissenschaften seit langem bemÃ¼ht sind, durch intensive Reflexionsprozesse einerseits, durch Verwendung des umfangreichen empirisch erarbeiteten Faktenmaterials der Naturwissenschaften andererseits, plausible und intellektuell nachvollziehbare Modelle fÃ¼r die BegrÃ¼ndung dieses grundlegenden PhÃ¤nomens zu erarbeiten. Eng verbunden mit dieser grundlegenden Problematik sind die Fragen nach den biologischen Korrelaten des Bewusstseins und nach seinen Inhalten, den sog. Qualia, nach verschiedenen Begriffen, der Struktur des Denkens und der Sprache. Ebenso drÃ¤ngend ist das Problem verschiedener besonderer BewusstseinszustÃ¤nde wie im Schlaf, in der Meditation oder in der Trance. Exponenten verschiedener Fachgebiete versuchen in dem vorliegenden Band, AnsÃ¤tze zur LÃ¶sung dieser Fragen zu prÃ¤sentieren.
A long history of inquiry about human nature and the self stretches from the ancient tradition of Socratic self-knowledge in the context of ethical life to contemporary discussions of brain function in cognitive science. It begins with a conflict among the ancients. On one view, which comes to be represented most clearly by Aristotle, the issue is settled in terms of a composite and very complex human nature. Who I am is closely tied to my embodied existence. The other view, found as early as the Pythagoreans, and developed in the writings of Plato, Augustine and Descartes, held that genuine humanness is not the result of an integration of 'lower' functions, but a purification of those functions in favour of a liberating spirituality. The animal elements are excluded from the human essence. The modern debate on the problem of the self, although owing much to the insights of Locke and Hume, can still be situated within the context of the two schools of ancient thought, and this has led many to despair over the lack of apparent progress in this problem. Today, of course, we often tend to look to science rather than philosophy to develop our understanding of a wide range of fundamental issues. To what extent is the problem of the self a scientific issue? Can insights from the study of neuropsychology and cognitive development in infancy provide a new perspective? Can the study of schizophrenia and dissociative identity disorders tell us anything about the nature of human self-consciousness? Many would answer yes to the above questions, but then is it not also the case that the study of exceptional 'self-actualised' human experience is equally relevant? And can the phenomenological tradition, dedicated to the systematic study of human experience, and contemporary analytic approaches in philosophy help us out of some of the impasses that have bedevilled the empiricist tradition? MODELS OF THE SELF includes all these perspectives in an attempt to cast light on one of the most intractable problems in science and the humanities.