Canada At the Olympics
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Canada At the Olympics

Canada has sent athletes to every Winter Olympic Games and almost every Summer Olympic Games since its debut at the 1900 games with the exception of the 1980 Summer Olympics, which it boycotted. Canada has won at least one medal at every Olympics in which it has competed. The Canadian Olympic Committee (COC) is the National Olympic Committee for Canada.

At the 2010 Winter Olympics which they hosted in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada finished atop the gold medal standings for the first time.

Hosted Games

Canada has hosted the Olympic games three times: the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary, and the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver.

Games Host city Dates Nations Participants Events
1976 Summer Olympics Montreal 17 July - 1 August 92 6,028 123
1988 Winter Olympics Calgary 13 - 28 February 57 1,423 46
2010 Winter Olympics Vancouver 12 - 28 February 83 2,629 86

Medal tables

Summer games

Number of medals won by Canada at the Olympic summer games from 1900 to 2012.
Medals by year
   Hosted Summer Games
Games Athletes Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
Greece 1896 Athens did not participate
France 1900 Paris 2 1 0 1 2 13
United States 1904 St. Louis 52 4 1 1 6 4
United Kingdom 1908 London 87 3 3 10 16 7
Sweden 1912 Stockholm 37 3 2 3 8 9
Belgium 1920 Antwerp 53 3 3 3 9 12
France 1924 Paris 65 0 3 1 4 20
Netherlands 1928 Amsterdam 69 4 4 7 15 10
United States 1932 Los Angeles 102 2 5 8 15 12
Germany 1936 Berlin 97 1 3 5 9 17
United Kingdom 1948 London 118 0 1 2 3 25
Finland 1952 Helsinki 107 1 2 0 3 21
Australia 1956 Melbourne 92 2 1 3 6 15
Italy 1960 Rome 85 0 1 0 1 32
Japan 1964 Tokyo 115 1 2 1 4 22
Mexico 1968 Mexico City 138 1 3 1 5 23
West Germany 1972 Munich 208 0 2 3 5 27
Canada 1976 Montreal (host nation) 385 0 5 6 11 27
Soviet Union 1980 Moscow did not participate
United States 1984 Los Angeles 407 10 18 16 44 6
South Korea 1988 Seoul 328 3 2 5 10 19
Spain 1992 Barcelona 295 7 4 7 18 11
United States 1996 Atlanta 303 3 11 8 22 21
Australia 2000 Sydney 294 3 3 8 14 24
Greece 2004 Athens 263 3 6 3 12 21
China 2008 Beijing 332 3 9 8 20 19
United Kingdom 2012 London 281 1 6 11 18 36
Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro 314 4 3 15 22 20
Japan 2020 Tokyo Future event
Total 63 103 136 302 20

Canada also won 1 gold medal and 1 silver medal at the 1906 Summer Olympics, which the IOC no longer recognizes as an official Olympic games, so those medals are not counted in this table.

Medals by sport
  Leading in that sport

*One of Canada's Ice Hockey gold medals was won during the 1920 Summer Olympics. This table does not include this medal, resulting in the discrepancy between the medals by games and medals by sports tables.

Canada has never won an Olympic medal in the following current summer sports: Archery, Badminton, BMX, Canoeing and kayaking - Slalom, Fencing, Field hockey, Greco-Roman Wrestling, Handball, Indoor Volleyball, Modern pentathlon, Table tennis, and Water polo.

Winter games

Number of medals won by Canada at the Olympic winter games from 1924 to 2014.
Medals in Winter Games
   Hosted Winter Games
   Ongoing Winter Games
Games Athletes Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
France 1924 Chamonix 12 1 0 0 1 8
Switzerland 1928 St. Moritz 23 1 0 0 1 5
United States 1932 Lake Placid 42 1 1 5 7 4
Germany 1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen 29 0 1 0 1 9
Switzerland 1948 St. Moritz 28 2 0 1 3 6
Norway 1952 Oslo 39 1 0 1 2 6
Italy 1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo 37 0 1 2 3 10
United States 1960 Squaw Valley 44 2 1 1 4 7
Austria 1964 Innsbruck 55 1 1 1 3 10
France 1968 Grenoble 70 1 1 1 3 13
Japan 1972 Sapporo 47 0 1 0 1 17
Austria 1976 Innsbruck 59 1 1 1 3 11
United States 1980 Lake Placid 59 0 1 1 2 14
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1984 Sarajevo 67 2 1 1 4 8
Canada 1988 Calgary 112 0 2 3 5 13
France 1992 Albertville 108 2 3 2 7 9
Norway 1994 Lillehammer 95 3 6 4 13 7
Japan 1998 Nagano 144 6 5 4 15 4
United States 2002 Salt Lake City 150 7 3 7 17 4
Italy 2006 Turin 196 7 10 7 24 5
Canada 2010 Vancouver 206 14 7 5 26 1
Russia 2014 Sochi 220 10 10 5 25 3
South Korea 2018 Pyeongchang 226 11 8 10 29 3
China 2022 Beijing Future event
Total 73 64 62 199 5
Medals by sport
  Leading in that sport
SportGoldSilverBronzeTotal
Ice hockey136322
Freestyle skiing129425
Speed skating9131537
Short track speed skating9121233
Figure skating6111229
Curling63211
Bobsleigh5229
Snowboarding44311
Alpine skiing41611
Skeleton2114
Cross-country skiing2103
Biathlon2013
Luge0112
Totals (13 sports)746462200

*One of Canada's ice hockey gold medals was won during the 1920 Summer Olympics. This table includes this medal, resulting in the discrepancy between the medals by games and medals by sports tables.

Canada has never won an Olympic medal in the following current winter sports: Nordic combined and Ski jumping.

Records

In 2012, Equestrian show jumper Ian Millar competed at his tenth Summer Olympics, tying the record for most Olympic games participated in set by Austrian sailor Hubert Raudaschl between 1964 and 1996. He has been named to eleven straight Olympic teams, but did not compete at the 1980 Summer Olympics due to the Canadian boycott.[1] In 2008 he won his first medal, a silver medal in the team jumping event.[2]

Clara Hughes is the first and only Olympian of any country or gender, to win multiple medals at both the Winter and the Summer Games, with two Summer and four Winter medals.[3] Clara Hughes and Cindy Klassen hold the record for most Olympic medals won by a Canadian of either gender, with six each.[3] Cindy Klassen holds the record for most Winter medals won by a Canadian of either gender, with six.[3]

Catriona Le May Doan became the first Canadian to defend their gold medal at the Olympics. She repeated her gold medal in the women's 500m long track speedskating event at the 2002 Salt Lake City Olympics from the 1998 Nagano Olympics.[4][5]

Alexandre Bilodeau became the first freestyle skiing gold medallist to defend his Olympic title, and first repeat gold medallist, winning the men's moguls at the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics. He became the second Canadian to defend their Olympic gold, and first man.[4][5][6]

Trampoline gymnast Rosie MacLennan was the first Canadian to defend their gold medal in an individual sport at the Summer Olympics. She won gold both at the 2012 and 2016 Summer Games, becoming the first Olympian to defend their title in that discipline.[7]

After captaining the women's ice hockey team to gold at the 2014 Winter Olympics, Caroline Ouellette became the first Winter Olympian of any country or gender to enter four or more career events and win gold in each.[8] Oullette had previously won gold in ice hockey in 2002, 2006, and 2010.

Jennifer Jones skipped the Canadian women's team at the 2014 Winter Olympics to a Gold medal. She is the first ever female skip in Olympic history to be undefeated throughout the tournament. Jones, Kaitlyn Lawes, Jill Officer, Dawn McEwen and spare Kirsten Wall went unbeaten with an 11-0 record defeating China, Sweden (round-robin and finals), Great Britain (round-robin and semi-finals), Denmark, Switzerland, Japan, Russia, the United States, and Korea.[9][10]

During the 2016 Summer Olympics, swimmer Penny Oleksiak became the first Canadian of either gender to win four medals in the same Summer Games and the country's youngest Olympic champion at the age of 16 with a gold in the 100 m freestyle, a silver in the 100 m butterfly, and two bronzes in the women's freestyle relays (4 × 100 m and 4 × 200 m).[11] She became the first Olympic champion born in the 2000s. The bronze medal she captured at the women's 4 × 100 m freestyle relay a few days earlier also made her the first Olympic medalist born in the 2000s along with teammate Taylor Ruck.[12]

After capturing gold in 2010 Winter Olympics, Tessa Virtue and Scott Moir became the first ice dancers from North America to win an Olympic gold medal, ending the 34-year streak of the Europeans. They were the first ice dance team to win the Olympic gold on home ice and the first ice dancers to win gold in their Olympic debut. They are the youngest pair ever to win an Olympic title at 20 and 22 respectively. They went on to win two more silver medals in 2014 Winter Olympics and two more gold medals in 2018 Winter Olympics, making them the most decorated figure skaters in Olympic history.

Although not an Olympian, broadcaster Richard Garneau covered 23 Olympic Games, more than any other journalist in the world, starting with Rome in 1960 to London in 2012, missing only the Atlanta and Nagano Games. The International Olympic Committee awarded him posthumously the Pierre de Coubertin medal in recognition of his exceptional service to the Olympic movement.[13]

Top Medal earners

  • Years in bolded text are Olympics at which that competitor won a medal.
Athlete Sport Type Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
Cindy Klassen Speed skating Winter 2002, 2006, 2010 1 2 3 6
Clara Hughes Cycling Summer 1996, 2000, 2012 0 0 2 6
Speed skating Winter 2002, 2006, 2010 1 1 2
Jayna Hefford Ice hockey Winter 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014 4 1 0 5
Hayley Wickenheiser
Scott Moir Figure skating Winter 2010, 2014, 2018 3 2 0 5
Tessa Virtue
Charles Hamelin Short track Winter 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018 3 1 1 5
Marc Gagnon Short track Winter 1994, 1998, 2002 3 0 2 5
François-Louis Tremblay Short track Winter 2002, 2006, 2010 2 2 1 5
Lesley Thompson Rowing Summer 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000,
2008, 2012, 2016
1 3 1 5
Phil Edwards Athletics Summer 1928, 1932, 1936 0 0 5 5
Caroline Ouellette Ice hockey Winter 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014 4 0 0 4
Jennifer Botterill Ice hockey Winter 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010 3 1 0 4
Becky Kellar
Meghan Agosta Ice hockey Winter 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018 3 1 0 4
Kathleen Heddle Rowing Summer 1992, 1996 3 0 1 4
Marnie McBean
Éric Bédard Short track Winter 1998, 2002, 2006 2 1 1 4
Gaétan Boucher Speed skating Winter 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988 2 1 1 4
Victor Davis Swimming Summer 1984, 1988 1 3 0 4
Denny Morrison Speed skating Winter 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018 1 2 1 4
Adam van Koeverden Kayaking Summer 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016 1 2 1 4
Penny Oleksiak Swimming Summer 2016 1 1 2 4
Kristina Groves Speed skating Winter 2002, 2006, 2010 0 3 1 4
Tania Vicent Short track Winter 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010 0 2 2 4
Émilie Heymans Diving Summer 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012 0 2 2 4
Alex Wilson Athletics Summer 1928, 1932 0 1 3 4

3+ Medals at one Olympics

See also

References

  1. ^ Martin Cleary (2008-08-08). "'The Olympics is not a young horse game'". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Doug Smith (2008-08-18). "'Canada wins silver in team show jumping'". Toronto Star. Retrieved .
  3. ^ a b c Canadian Press (22 June 2012). "London 2012: Hesjedal and Hughes to lead Canadian road cycling team at London Games". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2012.
  4. ^ a b "Alexandre Bilodeau Wins Gold, Mikael Kingsbury Silver In Olympic Moguls At Sochi". Huffington Post. 2014-02-10.
  5. ^ a b Eric Koreen (10 August 2012). "Catriona Le May Doan emerging as Olympic broadcasting star". National Post. Archived from the original on 10 February 2014.
  6. ^ Will Graves (2014-02-10). "Canada's Alex Bilodeau takes gold in men's moguls, first two-time freestyle Olympic champion". Associated Press. The Republic (Columbus, Indiana). Archived from the original on 2014-02-22.
  7. ^ Pete Evans (2016-08-12). "Rosie MacLennan wins gold in women's trampoline". CBC Sports.
  8. ^ Nick Zaccardi (2014-02-20). "An inch to the right and we would have won the gold". NBC Olympic Talk.
  9. ^ Blatchford, Christie (21 February 2014). "Blatchford: Dream comes true as Jennifer Jones wins Olympic gold". canada.com. Archived from the original on 27 February 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  10. ^ Wyman, Ted (20 February 2014). "Jennifer Jones is perfect, beats Sweden to win Olympic gold". Toronto Sun. Retrieved 2014.
  11. ^ Callum Ng (2016-08-12). "Penny Oleksiak wins gold, captures historic 4th Olympic medal". CBC Sports.
  12. ^ Jesse Ferreras (2016-08-09). "Penny Oleksiak, Taylor Ruck Are First Olympic Medallists Born In The 2000s". The Huffington Post.
  13. ^ COC. "Richard Garneau". Canadian Olympic Committee.

External links


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