USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center
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USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center

Coordinates: 40°44?56.55?N 73°50?47.57?W / 40.7490417°N 73.8465472°W / 40.7490417; -73.8465472

Bronze Statue at the USTA National Tennis Center.

The USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center is an American stadium complex in Flushing Meadows-Corona Park, Queens, New York City. It has been the home of the US Open Grand Slam tennis tournament, played every year in August and September, since 1978 and is operated by the United States Tennis Association (USTA).[1] The facility has 22 courts inside its 46.5 acres (0.188 km2; 0.0727 sq mi)[2] and 11 in the adjoining park. The complex's three stadiums are among the largest tennis stadiums in the world, with Arthur Ashe Stadium topping the global list with a listed capacity of 23,200.[3] All 33 courts have used the DecoTurf cushioned acrylic surface since the facility was built in 1978.

Near Citi Field, home of the New York Mets, and LaGuardia Airport, the tennis center is open to the public for play except during the US Open, junior and wood-racquet competitions.[4]

Formerly called the USTA National Tennis Center, the facility was rededicated for Billie Jean King on August 28, 2006.[4]

History

Attractions and Geographical Features of Flushing Meadows-Corona Park

Attractions and geographical features of Flushing Meadows-Corona Park:
1
Citi Field
2
Flushing Meadows Carousel
3
Flushing Meadows Natatorium
4
Flushing River and Creek
5
Meadow Lake
6
Mets-Willets Point (LIRR and subway stations)
7
National Tennis Center
8
New York Hall of Science
9
New York State Pavilion, Queens Theatre in the Park and Queens Zoo
10
Queens Museum
11
Unisphere
12
Willow Lake
13
World's Fair station (demolished)
Arthur Ashe Stadium, with retractable roof
Some of the side courts, with Ashe Stadium in the background
Arthur Ashe Stadium interior, US Open 2005

The idea of the tennis center came about in January 1977, when William Hester, the then-incoming president of the USTA, saw the underused Singer Bowl on a flight into nearby LaGuardia Airport. He asked the City of New York to let him use the stadium and adjoining land for a tennis facility to host the U.S. Open. The stadium was heavily renovated and divided into two venues: Louis Armstrong Stadium and the adjoining grandstand. The National Tennis Center opened in August 1978.[1][5]

After rumors of a possible move to San Diego, a major upgrade and expansion began in March 1995. More land was committed to the USTA National Tennis Center, and in August 1997 the newly built Arthur Ashe Stadium replaced Louis Armstrong Stadium as the main court. The four-year expansion was completed in 1999. Arthur Ashe Stadium holds more than 22,000 spectators while Louis Armstrong Stadium was downsized to hold just 10,000 spectators (the original size was 18,000).[1] In 2006, at the location of the old indoor tennis building near the East Gate, work began on a 245,000-square-foot, multi-purpose tennis pavilion.[1] The new facility was completed in 2008[2] and includes 12 courts, classrooms, fitness facilities, and a pro shop.[1] It also includes a hospitality center, museum, and food commissary.[1] Other renovations included the players' lounge, locker rooms, and medical, training and office space.[1]

In 2011, the facility opened a new show court, Court 17, located in the southeast corner of the grounds, seating 2,500 to 3,000, making it small in comparison to the facility's other show courts. Next in size after those courts -- Arthur Ashe Stadium, Louis Armstrong Stadium, and the Grandstand (the latter with a capacity of 8,125) -- the court has large television screens and Hawk-Eye electronic line-calling capability which allows for player challenges. In constructing the new court, foundations from the 1939 and 1964 World's Fair were discovered, and the water table was found to be several feet higher than expected.[2] Because the playing surface of Court 17 is below ground level, the new court has received the nickname of "The Pit".

The center is in the middle of a $550 million renovation in that included the erection of a retractable roof on Arthur Ashe Stadium, which was competed for the 2017 US Open. A new show court was opened in 2016 in the southwest corner of the complex. It has 8,125 seats, making it the third largest court in the center, and replaces the old Grandstand. A new, 14,000-seat Louis Armstrong Stadium (also with a retractable roof) has been constructed on the site of the original Armstrong Stadium, and was completed in time for the 2018 US Open.[6]

Other uses

In July 2008, the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center and Arthur Ashe Stadium hosted its first ever non-tennis event, when the New York Liberty of the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) played in the "Liberty Outdoor Classic: 2008". The game itself was a historic event as it was the first ever professional basketball regular season game ever played outdoors in the USA, by either men or women. The contest featured the Indiana Fever defeating the New York Liberty.[7]

USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center is the site of the annual New York State High School tennis championships, held in May. This tournament is sponsored by the New York State Public High School Athletic Association (NYSPHSAA).

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g History of the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center Archived January 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. National Tennis Center official webpage. USTA official website. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c Robson, Douglas (August 29, 2011). "New show court draws a crowd, quietly". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2011.
  3. ^ Seating Charts. US Open official website. Retrieved September 4, 2011.
  4. ^ a b About The USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center Archived January 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. National Tennis Center official webpage. USTA official website. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
  5. ^ Belson, Ken (September 9, 2012). "Armstrong, Back When It Wasn't Tennis Rocking the House". New York Times. Retrieved 2014.
  6. ^ Meyers, Naila-Jean; Zinser, Lynn (August 14, 2013). "U.S.T.A. to Put a Roof Over Arthur Ashe Stadium". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013.
  7. ^ Robbins, Liz (July 20, 2008). "Liberty Has Its Moment in History, if Not a Victory". New York Times. Retrieved 2011.

External links


Preceded by
West Side Tennis Club
1924-1977
Home of the
U.S. Open
1978-
Succeeded by
current venue

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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