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1874 - Mary Ewing Outerbridge of Staten Island introduced tennis to the United States. She purchased tennis equipment in Bermuda (and had trouble getting it through Customs) and used it to set up the first US tennis court at the Staten Island Cricket and Baseball Club that spring.
1875 - The "Blondes" and "Brunettes" played their first match in Springfield, Illinois on Sept. 11. Newspapers heralded the event as the "first game of baseball ever played in public for gate money between feminine ball-tossers." 
1875 - Wellesley College opened with a gymnasium for exercising and a lake for ice skating and the first rowing program for women.
1876 - Nell Saunders defeated Rose Harland in the first United States women's boxing match, receiving a silver butter dish as her prize.
1882 - At the YWCA in Boston, the first athletic games for women were held.
1887 - Ellen Hansell was crowned the first Women's Singles tennis champion at the U.S. Open.
1894 - The first ladies golf tournament was held on the 7-hole Morristown, NJ course on Oct 17 - 1894. Miss Hollard A. Ford won with a 97 scored on the double-7, 14 strokes under her nearest rival.
1895 - The first Women's Amateur Golf championship was contested among 13 golfers at the Meadow Brook Club, Hempstead, N.Y., on Nov. 9. The match was won by Mrs. Charles S. Brown with a 132 and the runner-up is Nellie Sargent.
1895 - The first organized athletics meeting was generally recognized as the "Field Day" at Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY, on Nov. 9. A group of "nimble, supple and vivacious girls" engaged in running and jumping events despite bad weather.
1895 - The first women's softball team was formed at Chicago's West Division High School. They did not have a coach for competitive play until 1899.
1896 - The first 6-day bicycle race for women started on Jan 6 at Madison Square Garden in NYC.
1896 - The first women's intercollegiate basketball championship was played between Stanford and the University of California at Berkeley. Stanford won 2-1 on April 4 before a crowd of 700 women.
1898 - Lizzie Arlington became the first woman to sign a professional baseball contract, appearing in her first professional game pitching for the Philadelphia Reserves.
1900 - The Olympics first allowed women. Margaret Abbott won a gold medal in golf; she was the first American woman to take first place in an Olympic event.
1901- Constance M.K, at Harvard University, introduced field hockey to the women of the United States.
1926 - New York City native Gertrude Ederle became the first woman to swim the English Channel, which she did in fourteen hours, thirty-one minutes, beating the best time to date.
1931 - Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis banned women from professional baseball. He felt that he needed to after a seventeen-year-old pitcher Virne Beatrice "Jackie" Mitchell struck out Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig in an exhibition game.
1932 - Babe Didrikson was named Associate Press Woman Athlete of the Year for track and field after she scored enough points at the AAU national meet to win the team championship by herself. She scored thirty points, eight points more than the whole second place team earned.
1936 - The All American Red Heads Team, a barnstorming troupe similar to the Bloomer Girls, was formed. It is generally regarded as the first women's professional basketball team.
1950 - Kathryn Johnston, only twelve years old, was the first girl to play Little League Baseball. She played for the King's Dairy team in Corning, NY. Kathryn played at first base for the season, but then had to stop because of her age (she turned 13.) After that, a rule prohibited girls from playing in Little League; this was in force until 1974.
1951 - Betty Chapman was the first African American professional softball player.
1952 - Patricia McCormick began bullfighting as a professional Matadora in January 1952, and was the first American to do so.
1953 - The USA women's basketball team won the gold in the first international basketball game.
1953 - Toni Stone, also known by her married name Marcenia Lyle Alberga, was the first of three women to play Negro league baseball, and thus the first woman to play as a regular on an American big-league professional baseball team.
1954 - The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League played its last season.
1969 - Barbara Jo Rubin became the first female jockey to win a race in the United States.
1970 - Mary Jo Peppler of the United States was voted the most outstanding volleyball player in the world at the International Games in Bulgaria.
1971 - Cheryl White, an American, became the first black female jockey.
1971 - The five-player, full-court game and the thirty-second shot clock was introduced to women's basketball.
1971 - The Amateur Athletic Union ruled that "certain women" could take part in marathons, provided they either started their race 10 minutes before or after the men or on a different starting line. The different starting line requirement was dropped in 1972.
1973 - Terry Williams Munz became the first woman in America awarded an athletic scholarship when she accepted a golf scholarship from the University of Miami.
1973 - The first American to win the gymnastics title and an Olympic gold was Marcia Frederick.
1974 - The Women's Sports Foundation was created by Billie Jean King. It is "a charitable educational organization dedicated to increasing the participation of girls and women in sports and fitness and creating an educated public that supports gender equity in sport." The first women's professional football league (WPFL) kicks off its inaugural season with seven teams.
1974 - The first women's professional football league in America (WPFL) kicked off its inaugural season with seven teams.
1974 - Lanny Moss was the first woman to manage a professional men's baseball team. She was hired by the minor league Portland Mavericks.
1976 - In the first Women's Professional Softball World Series Championship the Connecticut Falcons came out on top.
1987 - The [American] National Girls and Women in Sports Day (NGWSD) is an annual day of observance held during the first week of February to acknowledge the accomplishments of female athletes, recognize the influence of sports participation for women and girls, and honor the progress and continuing struggle for equality for women in sports.
Each year since its inception in 1987, the United States Congress recognizes women's contributions to sports and society on a day during the first week of February.
2003 - The Women's United Soccer Association (WUSA) folds. Neither television ratings nor attendance met forecasts, while the league spent its initial $40 million budget, planned to last five years, by the end of the first season.
2005 - The organizers of the New York City Marathon announced they would be rewarding the female champion $130,000, that is $30,000 more than its male winner received. This may be the first time a sporting event ever paid more to a female than a male in the same competition. It is also the largest first prize for any marathon.
2006 - Violet Palmer, forty-one, became the first woman to referee an NBA playoff game.
2008 - Danica Patrick was the first woman to win an IndyCar Series by winning the 2008 Indy Japan 300.
2012 - The Women's Professional Soccer (WPS), the second professional women's soccer league in the United States, suspends operations citing several internal organization struggles as the primary cause, including an ongoing legal battle with ex-franchise owner Dan Borislow, and the lack of resources invested into the league.
2012 - The National Women's Soccer League, the third professional women's soccer league in the United States, launches with eight teams across the United States. The 2016 season marks the first time an American women's professional soccer league continues running beyond three years.
2013- Danica Patrick was the first woman to win the pole for the Daytona 500 and became the first woman to lead the Daytona 500, and finishes 8th in the event highest finish for a woman in that event.
2013 - On March 1, 2013, Privateers owner and president Nicole Kirnan served as the team's coach for the first time, making her the first woman to coach a professional hockey team in the United States.
2014 - On May 31, 2014, it was announced that women could compete in medieval combat as a sport for the first time, and later that year Amy Graham was crowned medieval combat world champion at the IMCF (International Medieval Combat Federation) world championship. That year she also won the championship medal for the USA Valkyrie Melee Team.
2014 - Anne B. France won the inaugural Landmark Award for Outstanding Contributions to NASCAR.
2014 - Shelby Osborne became the first female defensive back in American football when she was drafted by Campbellsville University in Kentucky.
2014 - Gabrielle Augustine pitched the final two innings for Hunter's Inn, thus becoming the first woman to play in the Glenwood Baseball League, which is the longest-running amateur baseball league in the United States, founded in 1920.
2014 - Michele A. Roberts was elected as the new Executive Director of the National Basketball Players Association, thus making her the first woman to be elected to the highest position of a major sport's players association within the United States.
2014 - Becky Hammon became the first full-time female coach in the NBA - and the first full-time female coach in any of the four major professional sports in America - as an assistant coach for the San Antonio Spurs.
2014 - Catherine "Cat" Conti became the first female referee in Big 12 football history.
2014 - The United States won its first women's volleyball world championship title (the Volleyball Women's World Championship).
2014 - Kelly Xu, of Santa Monica, Calif., won the girls 7-9 division in the Drive, Chip and Putt Championship, thus becoming the first female champion ever crowned at Augusta National Golf Club.
United States women's national soccer team players at the Ticker Tape Parade, New York City, July 10, 2015
2015 - Jennifer Welter became the first woman hired to coach in men's pro football when the Texas Revolution of the Champions Indoor Football league announced that Welter was hired to coach linebackers and special teams.
2015 - The first three African-Americans to place in the top three spots at the 100 yard freestyle in any Women's Division I NCAA Swimming Championship were: Simone Manuel, Lia Neal, and Natalie Hinds in that order.
2015 - The World Series of Poker Circuit had its first female main event champion when Michelle Chin won the Horseshoe Council Bluffs $1,675 Main Event.
2015 - Cindy Abbott became the first woman to both complete the Iditarod and summit Mount Everest; she climbed Mount Everest in 2010.
2015 - On May 21, 2015, the United Women's Lacrosse League was co-founded in Boston, Massachusetts by Digit Murphy and Aronda Kirby of the Play It Forward Sports Foundation in a strategic partnership with STX.
2015 - The first American all-girls national baseball tournament was held.
2015 - The first known all-girls tackle football league in America, the Utah Girls Tackle Football League, was formed.
2015 - On July 3, 2015, the Spurs (of the NBA) announced that Becky Hammon would be the team's Summer League head-coach, the first female to head-coach in that league. The Spurs won the NBA Las Vegas Summer League title in 2015 with her as head coach.
2015 - On July 27, 2015, the Arizona Cardinals hired Jennifer Welter as an assistant coaching intern for training camp and the preseason; as such, she is believed to be the first female coach in the NFL.
2015 - At the World Championships, Katie Ledecky became the first swimmer to win the 200-, 400-, 800- and 1,500-meter freestyles in a major competition.
2015 - Sarah Thomas was hired as the first full-time female official in NFL history.
2016 - Kathryn Smith became the first woman to be a full-time coach in the NFL, when she was hired by the Buffalo Bills as a special teams quality control coach.
2016 - Breanna Stewart was named the Most Outstanding Player of the Final Four (making her the first person to be most outstanding player of the Final Four four times).
2016 - With their eleventh championship win in 2016, the UConn Huskies passed the UCLA Bruins men's team for most college basketball championships, and became the first Division 1 women's basketball team to win four straight national championships.
2016 - Catherine "Cat" Conti fired by Pac-12 Conference and released from NFL Officiating Development Program.
2016 - Samantha Rapoport was hired by the NFL as the Director of Football Development, charged with increasing female participation with the league.
2017 - The Connecticut Huskies women's basketball team obtained the longest winning streak in college basketball (both men's and women's), 111 straight wins, which started with a win against Creighton on December 23, 2014, and continued for 111 games until March 31, 2017, when they were beaten 66-64 on a last second shot in overtime by Mississippi State in the 2017 NCAA Final Four. This streak included an undefeated season in 2015-16.
^Anton Jefferson, Vanessa Nicoletta (November 16, 2015). "Karyn Marshall - The First Woman to Clean and Jerk 300lbs". OLift Magazine. Retrieved 2016. ...A trailblazer of special note is Karyn Marshall, the USA's first ever Women's World Champion and the first woman to clean and jerk in excess of 300lbs. ...
^"About". National Girls & Women in Sports Day. Retrieved 2017.